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¿Acceden al subsidio por desempleo los asalariados rurales en Uruguay? Análisis de la situación actual y simulación de esquemas alternativos

Author

Listed:
  • Andrés Dean

    () (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economí­a)

  • Estefaní­a Galván

    () (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economí­a)

  • Ivone Perazzo

    () (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economí­a)

Abstract

Concerning rural labor, Uruguay is a special case in the region since the level of coverage of social security for rural workers is high (above 70%), while they have some benefits that are typically not found for these workers, such as a specific unemployment allowance. In this work, using administrative records of employment histories available between 1997 and 2009, the effective access of rural workers to the unemployment insurance scheme is analyzed and the access to two alternative systems is simulated. Results show that in the current system the level of coverage of the insurance for rural workers facing unemployment is low (46.5%) and that the general system of unemployment insurance applied for the rest of formal employees would have a coverage 15% higher if it is applied to rural workers. However, in none of the scenarios presented the coverage of the unemployment insurance exceeds 70%. This would indicate that there are special conditions of the contributions structure and the duration of employment periods of these workers that do not allow them to complete the requirements to access the right to the unemployment insurance. Therefore, additional policies would be required.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrés Dean & Estefaní­a Galván & Ivone Perazzo, 2014. "¿Acceden al subsidio por desempleo los asalariados rurales en Uruguay? Análisis de la situación actual y simulación de esquemas alternativos," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 14-22, Instituto de Economia - IECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulr:wpaper:dt-22-14
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    File URL: http://www.iecon.ccee.edu.uy/download.php?len=es&id=443&nbre=dt-22-14.pdf&ti=application/pdf&tc=Publicaciones
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Marimon, Ramon & Zilibotti, Fabrizio, 1999. "Unemployment vs. Mismatch of Talents: Reconsidering Unemployment Benefits," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(455), pages 266-291, April.
    2. Verónica Amarante & Andrés Dean & Rodrigo Arím, 2013. "Unemployment Insurance Design and Its Effects: Evidence for Uruguay," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE, June.
    3. Katz, Lawrence F. & Meyer, Bruce D., 1990. "The impact of the potential duration of unemployment benefits on the duration of unemployment," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 45-72, February.
    4. Veronica Amarante & Rodrigo Arim & Andres Dean, 2011. "Protecting Workers against Unemployment in Uruguay," Research Department Publications 4731, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    5. Verónica Amarante & Rodrigo Arim & Andrés Dean, 2014. "The Effects of Being Out of the Labor Market on Subsequent Wages: Evidence for Uruguay," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 35(1), pages 39-62, March.
    6. Martín Gonzalez Rozada & Lucas Ronconi & Hernan Ruffo, 2011. "Protecting Workers against Unemployment in Latin America and the Caribbean: Evidence from Argentina," Research Department Publications 4759, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    7. Veronica Amarante & Rodrigo Arim & Andres Dean, 2011. "Protecting Workers against Unemployment in Uruguay," Research Department Publications 4731, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    8. Nicolás Bonino Gayoso & Ulises Garcia Repetto, 2013. "Protección frente al desempleo estacional y bolsas de trabajo en Uruguay (1944-1979)," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 13-07, Instituto de Economia - IECON.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    unemployment insurance; rural workers; Uruguay;

    JEL classification:

    • J43 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Agricultural Labor Markets
    • J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings

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