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Seguro de paro y protección a los desempleados en Uruguay (1958-2014): legislación y desempeño

Author

Listed:
  • Nicolás Bonino-Gayoso

    () (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economí­a)

  • Ulises Garcia Repetto

    () (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economí­a)

Abstract

From the beginning of the 20th century the issue of unemployed workers' protection has occupied a central place in the political agenda of Uruguay. The problem has been attempted to address through three mechanisms: the so-called "pension for dismissal" ("jubilación por despido", 1904-1979), the seasonal unemployment insurance (1944-1979) and the compulsory and autonomous unemployment insurance (from 1958 onwards). By the mid-1950s, in moments when the economic stagnation of the country started to be perceived, authorities felt the need to organize a scheme of unemployed workers' protection that should be autonomous of retirement benefits. This aim is reached in 1958 when a compulsory an autonomous unemployment insurance program is approved for the private workers of industry and commerce. This paper examines the legislation that has ruled the program since 1958, its financial performance and real coverage, in comparison with international experience. Its conclusion is that in Uruguay unemployment insurance has been a marginal tool regarding its coverage and financial dimension, in spite of being Uruguay a country with a highly formalized labour market in relation to the rest of Latin America. This reveals the limitations of state's action.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicolás Bonino-Gayoso & Ulises Garcia Repetto, 2015. "Seguro de paro y protección a los desempleados en Uruguay (1958-2014): legislación y desempeño," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 15-16, Instituto de Economia - IECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulr:wpaper:dt-16-15
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    File URL: http://www.iecon.ccee.edu.uy/download.php?len=es&id=511&nbre=dt-16-15.pdf&ti=application/pdf&tc=Publicaciones
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Nicolás Bonino Gayoso & Ulises Garcí­a Repetto, 2012. "Inicios de la protección a los trabajadores desempleados en Uruguay 1904-1958): la jubilación por despido," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 12-24, Instituto de Economia - IECON.
    2. Veronica Amarante & Rodrigo Arim & Andres Dean, 2011. "Protecting Workers against Unemployment in Uruguay," Research Department Publications 4731, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    3. Veronica Amarante & Rodrigo Arim & Andres Dean, 2011. "Protecting Workers against Unemployment in Uruguay," Research Department Publications 4731, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    4. Nicolás Bonino Gayoso & Ulises Garcia Repetto, 2013. "Protección frente al desempleo estacional y bolsas de trabajo en Uruguay (1944-1979)," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 13-07, Instituto de Economia - IECON.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Unemployment insurance; Social Security; Unemployment; Social Public Spending; Public Finances;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • N46 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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