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Protección frente al desempleo estacional y bolsas de trabajo en Uruguay (1944-1979)

Author

Listed:
  • Nicolás Bonino Gayoso

    () (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)

  • Ulises Garcia Repetto

    () (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)

Abstract

During the first half of the 20th century the Uruguayan government tried to implement, although with no success, a general unemployment insurance (UI) scheme for workers in the private sector, which included an employment service. The only time that employers´ traditional opposition to an employment service was overcome and a regime of this type was implemented occurred in order to address seasonal unemployment in the meatpacking and wool and leather warehousing sectors (1944-1979). These were key sectors in the Uruguayan economy of the time, considering their position as exporters and foreign currency earners, and taking into account that the government was promoting economic structural change via a process of industrialization. Although these institutions offered protection and job stability to a large number of seasonal workers, the financial design of the UI repeated a recurring defect of the Uruguayan social security system, namely structural failures in its sources of finance. A few years after the system was launched, it began registering continuous financial deficits. These deficits required government assistance, turning these benefits for seasonal workers into an economic weight for Uruguayan society as a whole.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicolás Bonino Gayoso & Ulises Garcia Repetto, 2013. "Protección frente al desempleo estacional y bolsas de trabajo en Uruguay (1944-1979)," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 13-07, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulr:wpaper:dt-07-13
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    File URL: http://www.iecon.ccee.edu.uy/download.php?len=es&id=351&nbre=dt-07-13.pdf&ti=application/pdf&tc=Publicaciones
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    Cited by:

    1. Andrés Dean & Estefanía Galván & Ivone Perazzo, 2014. "¿Acceden al subsidio por desempleo los asalariados rurales en Uruguay? Análisis de la situación actual y simulación de esquemas alternativos," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 14-22, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
    2. Nicolás Bonino-Gayoso & Ulises Garcia Repetto, 2015. "Seguro de paro y protección a los desempleados en Uruguay (1958-2014): legislación y desempeño," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 15-16, Instituto de Economía - IECON.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Unemployment insurance; employment service; seasonal unemployment; social security; public finances.;

    JEL classification:

    • N46 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions

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