IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Inicios de la protección a los trabajadores desempleados en Uruguay 1904-1958): la jubilación por despido


  • Nicolás Bonino Gayoso

    () (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economí­a)

  • Ulises Garcí­a Repetto

    () (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economí­a)


Protection of unemployed workers constituted a subject of concern in the Uruguayan politic agenda already in the early 20th century. The problem was tried to be solved basically through three instruments: retirement by dismissal ("jubilación por despido") and unemployment insurance, directed to protect from non-seasonal unemployment,and funds for unemployment compensation, directed to seasonal unemployment. During the first half of the 20th century the instrument applied was the retirement by dismissal. This working paper investigates the characteristics of this instrument and its performance, both in terms of unemployed's protection and with respect to the fundsŽ finances. The study is based in data, reports and statements collected from the parliamentary sessions acts, messages that yearly the Executive sends to Legislative, and bulletins and yearbooks from the pensions funds.It arises from the investigation that this retirement benefit ended up distorted as a result of problems of design, organization and application. It also had negative effects on the fundsŽ finances. Several measures were taken in order to solve the problem, the main of them being the so-called unemployment subsidy. However, this tool also ended up distorted. It would have to wait until 1958 so that Uruguay had a system of compulsory unemployment insurance that protected unemployed workers in a more consistent way.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicolás Bonino Gayoso & Ulises Garcí­a Repetto, 2012. "Inicios de la protección a los trabajadores desempleados en Uruguay 1904-1958): la jubilación por despido," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 12-24, Instituto de Economia - IECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulr:wpaper:dt-24-12

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Nicolás Bonino-Gayoso & Ulises Garcia Repetto, 2015. "Seguro de paro y protección a los desempleados en Uruguay (1958-2014): legislación y desempeño," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 15-16, Instituto de Economia - IECON.

    More about this item


    Unemployment insurance; social security; unemployment; social public expenditure; public finances;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • N46 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ulr:wpaper:dt-24-12. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Andres Dean). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.