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Victimización y justicia por mano propia en Uruguay: Una visión comparativa con América Latina

Author

Listed:
  • Fernando Borraz

    () (Banco Central del Uruguay y Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Natalia Melgar

    () (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Máximo Rossi

    () (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

Abstract

The issue of public safety has been under debate in Uruguay and a great part of the public opinion highlights that the situation has worsened. The objective of this study is to verify people’s perception in Uruguay and discuss the responses in comparison with others Latin American countries. We employ the 2008 survey carried out by LAPOP (Latin American Public Opinion Project, Vanderbilt University). The main findings show that crime, violence and insecurity are mentioned among the main problems. In Uruguay, 9.2% consider that basic rights are fully protected while the Latin American average is 5.9%. In addition, 22% of respondents report having been victims of a crime. This ratio varies from 8.4% in the case of Jamaica and Panama to 27.5% in Argentina. In Uruguay 62.6% of respondents consider that the current crime rate is a serious threat to future prosperity. While high, this ratio is lower than the average (67.9%). Uruguayans seem to be against taking the law into their own hands (49.6% totally disapprove it, while the average is 41%. However, the estimated probit model shows that the probability that a person is victimized in Uruguay is one of the highest in Latin America.

Suggested Citation

  • Fernando Borraz & Natalia Melgar & Máximo Rossi, 2010. "Victimización y justicia por mano propia en Uruguay: Una visión comparativa con América Latina," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 1710, Department of Economics - dECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:1710
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Gaviria, Alejandro & Pages, Carmen, 2002. "Patterns of crime victimization in Latin American cities," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(1), pages 181-203, February.
    2. Norman Loayza & Pablo Fajnzylber & Daniel Lederman, 2000. "Crime and Victimization: An Economic Perspective," ECONOMIA JOURNAL, THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION - LACEA, vol. 0(Fall 2000), pages 219-302, August.
    3. Edward L. Glaeser & Bruce Sacerdote, 1999. "Why Is There More Crime in Cities?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(S6), pages 225-258, December.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    public security; crime; Latin America;

    JEL classification:

    • D60 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - General
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification

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