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Liquidity Contractions and Prepayment Risk on Collateralized Asset Markets

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  • Miguel A. Iraola
  • Juan Pablo Torres-Martínez

Abstract

This paper presents a dynamic general equilibrium model with default and collateral requirements. In contrast with previous literature, our model allows for liquidity contractions and general prepayment specifications. We show that liquidity substantially affects credit and prepayment risks, and that different borrowers may follow differentiated payment strategies: whereas some pay, others prepay or default. The lack of liquidity increases debtors' willingness to continue paying, even thought prepayment cost could be higher than the collateral value. This mechanism rationalizes underwater mortgages. We prove existence of equilibrium, and provide a numerical example illustrating the main determinants of optimal payment strategies.

Suggested Citation

  • Miguel A. Iraola & Juan Pablo Torres-Martínez, 2012. "Liquidity Contractions and Prepayment Risk on Collateralized Asset Markets," Working Papers wp364, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp364
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. John Geanakoplos & Robert Axtell & J. Doyne Farmer & Peter Howitt & Benjamin Conlee & Jonathan Goldstein & Matthew Hendrey & Nathan M. Palmer & Chun-Yi Yang, 2012. "Getting at Systemic Risk via an Agent-Based Model of the Housing Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 102(3), pages 53-58, May.
    2. Araujo, Aloisio & Páscoa, Mário R. & Torres-Martínez, Juan Pablo, 2011. "Long-lived collateralized assets and bubbles," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(3), pages 260-271.
    3. Karl Schmedders, Felix Kubler, 2001. "Asset Pricing in Models with incomplete markets and default," Computing in Economics and Finance 2001 58, Society for Computational Economics.
    4. Steinert, Mariano & Torres-Martinez, Juan Pablo, 2007. "General equilibrium in CLO markets," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(6), pages 709-734, August.
    5. Aloisio Araujo & Mário Rui Páscoa & Juan Pablo Torres-Martínez, 2002. "Collateral Avoids Ponzi Schemes in Incomplete Markets," Econometrica, Econometric Society, pages 1613-1638.
    6. Mário R. Páscoa & Aloisio P. Araujo, 2002. "Bancruptcy in a model of unsecured claims," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 20(3), pages 455-481.
    7. Sabarwal Tarun, 2003. "Competitive Equilibria With Incomplete Markets and Endogenous Bankruptcy," The B.E. Journal of Theoretical Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 3(1), pages 1-42, January.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D50 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - General
    • D52 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Incomplete Markets

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