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Participación Laboral Femenina en Chile

  • Dante Contreras
  • Gonzalo Plaza

Este artículo analiza los determinantes de la participación femenina en el mercado laboral chileno. En una primera etapa se analizan los determinantes clásicos de la participación; edad, escolaridad, estado civil y el número de hijos. Este estudio corrobora resultados de trabajos anteriores respecto a los efectos de estas variables sobre la participación femenina. Es decir, se encuentra que a mayor escolaridad, mayor es la participación de la mujer, a su vez, a mayor edad, mayor es la participación, pero dicho efecto crece a tasas decrecientes. Mujeres casadas o convivientes exhiben una menor participación. La evidencia también sugiere que el número de hijos se relaciona negativamente con la decisión de participar en el mercado del trabajo. En segundo lugar, el artículo contribuye con evidencia respecto a características culturales sobre la participación femenina: grado de machismo y valores. La evidencia indica que a mayor grado de machismo en el entorno de la mujer, menor será la participación en el mercado del trabajo. Adicionalmente, mientras más conservadora es la mujer en temas valóricos, menor es también su participación. Por último, los factores culturales en conjunto más que compensan el efecto positivo de las variables de capital humano. La existencia de estos factores culturales explicaría la baja participación femenina en Chile a pesar de buenos indicadores de educación.

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Paper provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number wp235.

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Date of creation: Apr 2007
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Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp235
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  1. Fields, Gary S. & Cichello, Paul & Freije, Samuel & Menéndez, Marta & Newhouse, David, 2003. "For Richer or for Poorer ? Evidence from Indonesia, South Africa, Spain, and Venezuela," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/1560, Paris Dauphine University.
  2. Pagan,Adrian & Ullah,Aman, 1999. "Nonparametric Econometrics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521586115.
  3. Bound, John, et al, 1994. "Evidence on the Validity of Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Labor Market Data," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 12(3), pages 345-68, July.
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