IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Participación Laboral Femenina en Chile

Listed author(s):
  • Dante Contreras
  • Gonzalo Plaza

Este artículo analiza los determinantes de la participación femenina en el mercado laboral chileno. En una primera etapa se analizan los determinantes clásicos de la participación; edad, escolaridad, estado civil y el número de hijos. Este estudio corrobora resultados de trabajos anteriores respecto a los efectos de estas variables sobre la participación femenina. Es decir, se encuentra que a mayor escolaridad, mayor es la participación de la mujer, a su vez, a mayor edad, mayor es la participación, pero dicho efecto crece a tasas decrecientes. Mujeres casadas o convivientes exhiben una menor participación. La evidencia también sugiere que el número de hijos se relaciona negativamente con la decisión de participar en el mercado del trabajo. En segundo lugar, el artículo contribuye con evidencia respecto a características culturales sobre la participación femenina: grado de machismo y valores. La evidencia indica que a mayor grado de machismo en el entorno de la mujer, menor será la participación en el mercado del trabajo. Adicionalmente, mientras más conservadora es la mujer en temas valóricos, menor es también su participación. Por último, los factores culturales en conjunto más que compensan el efecto positivo de las variables de capital humano. La existencia de estos factores culturales explicaría la baja participación femenina en Chile a pesar de buenos indicadores de educación.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number wp235.

in new window

Date of creation: Apr 2007
Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp235
Contact details of provider: Web page:

More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

in new window

  1. Pagan,Adrian & Ullah,Aman, 1999. "Nonparametric Econometrics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521355643, December.
  2. Bound, John, et al, 1994. "Evidence on the Validity of Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Labor Market Data," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 12(3), pages 345-368, July.
  3. Gary Fields & Paul Cichello & Samuel Freije & Marta Menéndez & David Newhouse, 2003. "For Richer or for Poorer? Evidence from Indonesia, South Africa, Spain, and Venezuela," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 1(1), pages 67-99, April.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp235. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Mohit Karnani)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.