Fair Housing Enforcement and Changes in Discrimination between 1989 and 2000: An Exploratory Study
Using paired testing data from the 1989 and 2000 Housing Discrimination Studies (HDS) and data on fair housing enforcement activities during the 1990s in the corresponding metro areas, we investigate whether 1989-2000 changes in the metropolitan incidence of racial/ethnic discrimination correlate with fair housing enforcement activity during the 1990s. We found that higher amounts of state and local enforcement activity supported by HUD through its FHIP and FHAP programs (especially the amount of dollars awarded by the courts) were consistently associated with greater declines in discrimination against black apartment-seekers and home-seekers. The evidence does not support similar conclusions for housing market discrimination against Hispanics where the level of enforcement is much lower.
|Date of creation:||May 2005|
|Date of revision:|
|Note:||The ideas in this paper do not necessarily represent the views of our Universities, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, or any other agency of the Federal Government. The authors wish to thank the many people at the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Urban Institute, FH Associates, Progressive Management Resources, and Abt Associates who helped make the 2000 Housing Discrimination Study a success. We also express gratitude to Fred Freiberg, Todd Richardson, and Cliff Schrupp for their invaluable assistance in obtaining fair housing enforcement data from various sources. Sarah Pratt provided helpful technical assistance regarding the TEAPOTS database. Jackie Cutsinger and Phyllis Seals at Wayne State University and Jason Cutsinger at Compuware Inc. supplied able research, production, and technical assistance.|
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