Mode and Context Effects in Measuring Household Assets
Differences in answers in Internet and traditional surveys can be due to selection, mode, or context effects. We exploit unique experimental data to analyze mode and context effects controlling for arbitrary selection. The Health and Retirement Study (HRS) surveys a random sample of the US 50+ population, with CAPI or CATI core interviews once every two years. In 2003 and 2005, random samples were drawn from HRS respondents in 2002 and 2004 willing and able to participate in an Internet interview. Comparing core and Internet survey answers of the same people, we analyze mode and context effects, controlling for selection. We focus on household assets, for which mode effects in Internet surveys have rarely been studied. We find some large differences between the first Internet survey and the other three surveys which we interpret as a context and question wording effect rather than a pure mode effect.
|Date of creation:||16 Dec 2009|
|Date of revision:|
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- Matthias Schonlau & Arthur van Soest & Arie Kapteyn & Mick Couper, 2009.
"Selection Bias in Web Surveys and the Use of Propensity Scores,"
Sociological Methods & Research,
SAGE Publishing, vol. 37(3), pages 291-318, February.
- Matthias Schonlau & Arthur Van Soest & Arie Kapteyn & Mick P. Couper, 2006. "Selection Bias in Web Surveys and the Use of Propensity Scores," Working Papers 279, RAND Corporation.
- Couper, Mick P. & Kapteyn, Arie & Schonlau, Matthias & Winter, Joachim, 2007. "Noncoverage and nonresponse in an Internet survey," Munich Reprints in Economics 20093, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
- Luigi Guiso & Tullio Jappelli, 2000.
"Household Portfolios in Italy,"
CSEF Working Papers
43, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
- F. Thomas Juster & James P. Smith, 2004. "Improving the Quality of Economic Data: Lessons from the HRS and AHEAD," Labor and Demography 0402010, EconWPA.
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