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The Effect of High School Shootings on Schools and Student Performance

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  • Beland, Louis-Philippe
  • Kim, Dongwoo

Abstract

We analyze how fatal shootings in high schools affect schools and students using data from shooting databases, school report cards, and the Common Core of Data. We examine schools’ test scores, enrollment, and number of teachers, as well as graduation, attendance, and suspension rates at schools that experienced a shooting, employing a difference-in-differences strategy that uses other high schools in the same district as the comparison group. Our findings suggest that homicidal shootings significantly decrease the enrollment of students in grade 9 (the high-school entrance grade), and test scores in math and English. Using student-level data from California, we confirm that shootings also lower test results for students that remain enrolled. We find no statistically significant effect on suicidal shootings on all outcome variable of interest.

Suggested Citation

  • Beland, Louis-Philippe & Kim, Dongwoo, 2014. "The Effect of High School Shootings on Schools and Student Performance," CLSSRN working papers clsrn_admin-2014-27, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 16 Jun 2014.
  • Handle: RePEc:ubc:clssrn:clsrn_admin-2014-27
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    File URL: http://www.clsrn.econ.ubc.ca/workingpapers/CLSRN%20Working%20Paper%20no.%20136%20-%20Beland%20and%20Kim.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Abouk, Rahi & Adams, Scott, 2013. "School shootings and private school enrollment," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 118(2), pages 297-299.
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    Cited by:

    1. Pedro Paulo Orraca Romano, 2015. "Crime Exposure and Educational Outcomes in Mexico," Working Paper Series 7715, Department of Economics, University of Sussex Business School.
    2. Beland, Louis-Philippe & Murphy, Richard, 2016. "Ill Communication: Technology, distraction & student performance," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 61-76.
    3. repec:eee:pubeco:v:160:y:2018:i:c:p:96-116 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Beland, Louis-Philippe & Brent, Daniel A., 2018. "Traffic and crime," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 160(C), pages 96-116.
    5. Gershenson, Seth & Hayes, Michael S., 2016. "Short-Run Externalities of Civic Unrest: Evidence from Ferguson, Missouri," IZA Discussion Papers 10091, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    6. Orraca Romano, Pedro Paulo, 2016. "Essays on development and labour economics for Mexico," Economics PhD Theses 0816, Department of Economics, University of Sussex Business School.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Shootings; Student performance; Education;

    JEL classification:

    • I29 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Other
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • K4 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior

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