Will Choice Hurt? Compared to What? School Choice Experiment in Estonia
This article presents empirical analysis of the effects of school choice policy in Estonia. We showÂ that relying on market and giving autonomy to the schools over student selection without any centralÂ priority matching or other central guidelines will produce admission tests, even in elementary schoolÂ level. The latter will bring with it intensive prep-schooling. Our contribution is to show that inÂ the current case choice-policy experiment will produce between schools segregation effects based onÂ residential and background characteristics. However, the interpretation of these effects is complexÂ because, when compared with the pre-market, topped-off voucher-based residential choice model, itÂ diminishes segregation based on income and family socio-economic status.
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