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Comparaison des niveaux de productivite au Canada et aux Etats-Unis : etude de certains aspects de la mesure

Listed author(s):
  • Baldwin, John R.
  • Maynard, Jean-Pierre
  • Tanguay, Marc
  • Wong, Fanny
  • Yan, Beiling

Le present document comprend un examen du niveau de productivite du travail au Canada par rapport aux Etats Unis en 1999. A cette fin, deux questions sont abordees principalement. La premiere est celle de la comparabilite des mesures du PIB et de l'intrant travail produites par l'organisme statistique de chaque pays. La deuxieme a trait a la facon dont un indice de prix peut etre elabore pour rapprocher les estimations du PIB par heure travaillee au Canada et aux Etats Unis, qui sont calculees en dollars canadiens et en dollars americains respectivement. Une fois que cela est fait, et que sont prises en compte les autres hypotheses concernant les prix au Canada et aux Etats Unis, les auteurs presentent des estimations ponctuelles de la productivite relative du travail au Canada, pour l'ensemble de l'economie, qui represente environ 93 % de celle aux Etats Unis. Selon les auteurs, on devrait appliquer un intervalle de confiance d'au moins dix points a ces estimations. La taille de la fourchette est particulierement sensible aux hypotheses concernant les prix des importations et des exportations.

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Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) with number 2005028f.

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Date of creation: 20 Jan 2005
Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp5f:2005028f
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  1. Andrew Sharpe, 2003. "Why are Americans More Productive than Canadians?," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 6, pages 19-37, Spring.
  2. Stefano Scarpetta & Andrea Bassanini & Dirk Pilat & Paul Schreyer, 2000. "Economic Growth in the OECD Area: Recent Trends at the Aggregate and Sectoral Level," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 248, OECD Publishing.
  3. D. J. Daly, 1972. "Uses of International Price and Output Data," NBER Chapters,in: International Comparisons of Prices and Output, pages 85-141 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. van Ark, Bart & Maddison, Angus, 1988. "Comparisons of real output in manufacturing," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5, The World Bank.
  5. Robert C. Feenstra & Marshall B. Reinsdorf, 2007. "Should Exact Index Numbers Have Standard Errors? Theory and Application to Asian Growth," NBER Chapters,in: Hard-to-Measure Goods and Services: Essays in Honor of Zvi Griliches, pages 483-513 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Jeremy Smith, 2003. "International Productivity Comparisons: An Examination of Data Sources," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 6, pages 64-71, Spring.
  7. Dirk Pilat, 1996. "Labour Productivity Levels in OECD Countries: Estimates for Manufacturing and Selected Service Sectors," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 169, OECD Publishing.
  8. Baldwin, John R. & Chowhan, James, 2003. "Repercussions du travail autonome sur la croissance de la productivite du travail : comparaison Canada-Etats-Unis," Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) 2003016f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
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