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Bases demographiques de la montee de l'emploi et des gains chez les meres seules au Canada et aux Etats-Unis, 1980 a 2000

  • Hou, Feng
  • Picot, Garnett
  • Myers, Karen
  • Myles, John
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    Malgre des reformes relativement modestes du regime de bien-etre au Canada par rapport aux Etats Unis, les taux d'emploi et la remuneration des meres seules ont progresse depuis 1980 presque d'un meme ordre de grandeur dans ces deux pays. Nous allons montrer que la plupart des hausses au Canada et une partie appreciable de l'evolution aux Etats-Unis s'expliquent par la dynamique de la succession des cohortes et du vieillissement de la population, la generation nombreuse et plus scolarisee du baby-boom ayant remplace les anciennes cohortes et ayant elle-meme accede a la quarantaine. Au Canada comme aux Etats-Unis, les effets demographiques sont le principal facteur expliquant la montee de l'emploi et des gains chez les meres seules plus agees (40 ans et plus). Chez les meres plus jeunes en revanche, ce qui a surtout joue, c'est l'evolution du comportement sur le marche du travail et d'autres variables non mesurees. Dans l'ensemble, l'evolution demographique a predomine au Canada, mais non aux Etats-Unis, et ce, pour deux raisons : a) les meres seules sont bien plus agees au Canada qu'aux Etats-Unis; b) dans le sens meme de la these de la reforme du bien-etre, l'evolution des comportements a eu bien plus d'ampleur chez les meres seules plus jeunes aux Etats-Unis.

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    Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 2008305f.

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    Date of creation: 07 Mar 2008
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2008305f
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