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Le niveau de richesse des familles d'immigrants au Canada

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  • Zhang, Xuelin
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    L'assimilation economique des immigrants est une preoccupation cle pour les economistes et les responsables de l'elaboration des politiques. De nombreuses etudes portent sur l'assimilation des immigrants en ce qui a trait au revenu. La presente examine la question du point de vue de la richesse a partir des donnees de l'Enquete de 1999 sur la securite financiere. Nous constatons, dans le cas des famille ayant a leur tete des conjoints, du 40e au 90e centile de la repartition de la richesse, le niveau de richesse des familles d'immigrants est plus eleve que celui des familles nees au Canada et que l'ecart de richesse se situe entre 20 000 $ et 78 000 $. Dans le cas des familles mono-parentales, du 55e au 95e centile, le niveau de richesse des familles d'immigrants est plus eleve que celui des familles nees au Canada et l'ecart de richesse se situe entre 14 000 $ et 145 000 $. Dans la tranche inferieure de la distribution, cependant, des elements probants suggerent que les immigrants ont une richesse inferieure, quoique, l'ecart est inferieur a 10 000 $. Les differents resultats des decompositions montrent que l'age du soutien economique principal (et celui de son conjoint dans le cas des familles mariees) de meme que les facteurs qui influent le revenu permanent, expliquent une part significative de l'ecart de richesse dans les cas ou les familles immigrantes ont une plus grande richesse que les familles nees au Canada. Dans la tranche inferieure de la repartition de la richesse, cependant, l'ecart de richesse ne s'explique pas par l'age du soutien economique principal, le revenu permanent et la taille de la famille (ou la situation de famille monoparentale), ce qui laisse supposer que les familles d'immigrants dont le niveau de richesse est faible peuvent agir autrement dans leur processus d'accumulation de richesse, que les familles nees au Canada. L'etude examine egalement l'ecart de richesse selon la cohorte. Comme on pouvait s'y attendre, le niveau de richesse des immigrants recents est inferieur. Les immigrants qui sont arrives au Canada avant 1976, ont une richesse superieure au premier groupe de nouveaux arrivants.. Meme si l'on croit de facon generale que les immigrants qui sont entres au Canada entre 1976 et 1985 ont eprouve au debut un plus grand desavantage sur le plan des revenus que leurs predecesseurs par rapport aux personnes nees au pays, l'etude demontre dans la tranche superieure de la repartition, le niveau de richesse des familles d'immigrants membres de cette cohorte n'est pas sensiblement different de celui des familles comparables nees au Canada, mais que dans la tranche inferieure de la repartition, leur niveau de richesse est inferieur a celui des familles comparables nees au Canada.

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    Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 2003197f.

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    Date of creation: 18 Nov 2003
    Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2003197f
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    1. Joseph G. Altonji & Ulrich Doraszelski, 2000. "The Role of Permanent Income and Demographics in Black/White Differences in Wealth," Working Papers 850, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
    2. Baker, Michael & Benjamin, Dwayne, 1994. "The Performance of Immigrants in the Canadian Labor Market," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 12(3), pages 369-405, July.
    3. Kristin F. Butcher & John DiNardo, 1998. "The Immigrant and Native-born Wage Distributions: Evidence from United States Censuses," NBER Working Papers 6630, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Francine D. Blau & John W. Graham, 1990. "Black-White Differences in Wealth and Asset Composition," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 105(2), pages 321-339.
    5. Shamsuddin, Abul F M & DeVoretz, Don J, 1998. "Wealth Accumulation of Canadian and Foreign-Born Households in Canada," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 44(4), pages 515-533, December.
    6. Koenker, Roger W & Bassett, Gilbert, Jr, 1978. "Regression Quantiles," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(1), pages 33-50, January.
    7. Mueller, Richard E., 1998. "Public-private sector wage differentials in Canada: evidence from quantile regressions," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 60(2), pages 229-235, August.
    8. J. B. Burbidge & A. L. Robb, 1985. "Evidence on Wealth-Age Profiles in Canadian Cross-Section Data," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 18(4), pages 854-875, November.
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