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Quelle politique industrielle dans la mondialisation ?

Author

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  • Sarah Guillou

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

  • Lionel Nesta

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Abstract

La mondialisation économique désigne la croissance des interdépendances entre les nations des activités de production et de consommation de biens et services. Ces interdépendances incluent les échanges internationaux entre pays – les importations et les exportations de biens et de services – et les flux internationaux de capitaux, favorisant la division internationale du travail, et par là-même la fragmentation du processus de production. La mondialisation revêt par ailleurs un aspect réglementaire où la régulation des activités économiques dépasse l’échelon national. On pense évidemment à l’abaissement des barrières douanières consécutives aux accords du GATT, ancêtre de l’Organisation mondiale du commerce (OMC), mais également aux efforts de mise en place d’espaces économiques intégrés tels que l’Union européenne (UE) par exemple. Il va de soi que la croissance des flux internationaux et la mise en place d’institutions supranationales sont des processus auto-renforçant, où les avancées règlementaires impulsent les échanges internationaux et la croissance des flux de biens et services et de capitaux accroissent le besoin en règles communes (...).

Suggested Citation

  • Sarah Guillou & Lionel Nesta, 2011. "Quelle politique industrielle dans la mondialisation ?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/eu4vqp9ompq, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/eu4vqp9ompqllr09i29kl94h0
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    1. Jérôme Creel & Jacques Le Cacheux, 2006. "La nouvelle désinflation compétitive européenne," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 98(3), pages 7-36.
    2. Philippe Aghion & Julian Boulanger & Elie Cohen, 2011. "Rethinking industrial policy," Policy Briefs 566, Bruegel.
    3. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/2085 is not listed on IDEAS
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