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Microfinance and Gender: Issues, Challenges and the Road Ahead

Listed author(s):
  • Supriya Garikipati
  • Isabelle Guérin
  • Susan S.J. Johnson
  • Ariane Szafarz

This special collection examines the claim that microfinance promotes gender equality. The focus is on three areas of the debate: first, the question of how successful microfinance has been in empowering women; second, whether and how negative gender discrimination operates within the sector; third, how power relations within and beyond the household shape the context and outcomes of microfinance initiatives. The papers in this collection demonstrate the divergence of circumstances and emphasise the need to go beyond the past searches for a simple narrative regarding the impact of microfinance. Rather, as the sector evolves and is incorporated into the mainstream financial system, the challenge ahead for researchers is to marshal the evidence on gendered dynamics to ensure that the gains made are built on through deeper understanding of why impact outcomes and processes differ and use this to inform new initiatives to further gender equality.

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File URL: https://dipot.ulb.ac.be/dspace/bitstream/2013/248454/3/wp17010.pdf
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Paper provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its series Working Papers CEB with number 17-010.

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Length: 16 p.
Date of creation: 16 Mar 2017
Publication status: Published by:
Handle: RePEc:sol:wpaper:2013/248454
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  1. Katherine Rankin, 2002. "Social Capital, Microfinance, and the Politics of Development," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(1), pages 1-24.
  2. Ranjula Bali Swain & Adel Varghese, 2013. "Delivery Mechanisms And Impact Of Microfinance Training In Indian Self‐Help Groups," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 25(1), pages 11-21, 01.
  3. Anastasia Cozarenco & Ariane Szafarz, 2015. "Gender Biases in Bank Lending: Lessons from Microcredit in France," Working Papers CEB 15-006, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  4. Isabelle Guérin & Santhosh Kumar & Isabelle Agier, 2013. "Women's Empowerment: Power to Act or Power over Other Women? Lessons from Indian Microfinance," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(sup1), pages 76-94, August.
  5. Bellucci, Andrea & Borisov, Alexander & Zazzaro, Alberto, 2010. "Does gender matter in bank-firm relationships? Evidence from small business lending," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(12), pages 2968-2984, December.
  6. Supriya Garikipati, 2012. "Microcredit and Women's Empowerment: Through the Lens of Time-Use Data from Rural India," Development and Change, International Institute of Social Studies, vol. 43(3), pages 719-750, 05.
  7. Muravyev, Alexander & Talavera, Oleksandr & Schäfer, Dorothea, 2009. "Entrepreneurs' gender and financial constraints: Evidence from international data," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 270-286, June.
  8. Garikipati, Supriya, 2008. "The Impact of Lending to Women on Household Vulnerability and Women's Empowerment: Evidence from India," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(12), pages 2620-2642, December.
  9. Guérin, Isabelle & Labie, Marc & Servet, Jean-Michel (ed.), 2015. "The Crises of Microcredit," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, number 9781783603756, July.
  10. Isabelle Agier & Ariane Szafarz, 2013. "Subjectivity in credit allocation to micro-entrepreneurs: evidence from Brazil," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 41(1), pages 263-275, June.
  11. Buvinic, Mayra & Berger, Marguerite, 1990. "Sex differences in access to a small enterprise development fund in Peru," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 18(5), pages 695-705, May.
  12. Verheul, Ingrid & Thurik, Roy, 2001. "Start-Up Capital: "Does Gender Matter?"," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 16(4), pages 329-345, June.
  13. Agier, Isabelle & Szafarz, Ariane, 2013. "Microfinance and Gender: Is There a Glass Ceiling on Loan Size?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 165-181.
  14. Anderson, Siwan & Eswaran, Mukesh, 2009. "What determines female autonomy? Evidence from Bangladesh," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(2), pages 179-191, November.
  15. Hashemi, Syed M. & Schuler, Sidney Ruth & Riley, Ann P., 1996. "Rural credit programs and women's empowerment in Bangladesh," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(4), pages 635-653, April.
  16. Ferguson, Michael F & Peters, Stephen R, 1995. " What Constitutes Evidence of Discrimination in Lending?," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 50(2), pages 739-748, June.
  17. Heath, Rachel, 2014. "Women’s Access to Labor Market Opportunities, Control of Household Resources, and Domestic Violence: Evidence from Bangladesh," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 32-46.
  18. Kabeer, Naila, 2001. "Conflicts Over Credit: Re-Evaluating the Empowerment Potential of Loans to Women in Rural Bangladesh," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 63-84, January.
  19. Maryann Bylander, 2014. "Borrowing Across Borders: Migration and Microcredit in Rural Cambodia," Development and Change, International Institute of Social Studies, vol. 45(2), pages 284-307, 03.
  20. Howard White & Hugh Waddington, 2012. "Why do we care about evidence synthesis? An introduction to the special issue on systematic reviews," Journal of Development Effectiveness, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(3), pages 351-358, September.
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