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Trabajo y educación de niñas, niños y adolescentes en América Latina y el Caribe

Author

Listed:
  • Jorge A. Paz

    (CONICET-IELDE)

  • Carolina Piselli

    (IELDE)

Abstract

El trabajo realizado por las niñas, niños y adolescentes es señalado en la literatura como uno de los factores con mayor impacto sobre el abandono escolar y el rendimiento académico. Si bien existe evidencia de esta relación todavía hay mucho que aportar debido a su ambigüedad relativa: Muchos estudios muestran también que el trabajo de niñas, niños y jóvenes resulta un complemento (y no un sustituto) de su formación. En este trabajo se analizan los determinantes de la asistencia escolar y del trabajo infantil y adolescente y la relación entre ambas actividades, usando datos de 9 países de la región entre principios y mediados de la presente década. Se concluye que existe un trade-off importante entre el estudio y el trabajo y que dicho trade-off es mayor entre los varones.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge A. Paz & Carolina Piselli, 2010. "Trabajo y educación de niñas, niños y adolescentes en América Latina y el Caribe," Working Papers 6, Instituto de Estudios Laborales y del Desarrollo Económico (IELDE) - Universidad Nacional de Salta - Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Jurídicas y Sociales.
  • Handle: RePEc:slt:wpaper:6
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jackline Wahba, 2006. "The influence of market wages and parental history on child labour and schooling in Egypt," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 19(4), pages 823-852, October.
    2. Hideo Akabayashi & George Psacharopoulos, 1999. "The trade-off between child labour and human capital formation: A Tanzanian case study," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(5), pages 120-140.
    3. Wahba, J., 2006. "The influence of market wages and parental history on child labour and schooling in Egypt," Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics 0603, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton.
    4. Pushkar Maitra & Ranjan Ray, 2002. "The Joint Estimation of Child Participation in Schooling and Employment: Comparative Evidence from Three Continents," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(1), pages 41-62.
    5. George Psacharopoulos & Harry Anthony Patrinos, 1997. "Family size, schooling and child labor in Peru - An empirical analysis," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 10(4), pages 387-405.
    6. Wahba, J., 2006. "The influence of market wages and parental history on child labour and schooling in Egypt," Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics 603, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton.
    7. Ravallion, Martin & Wodon, Quentin, 2000. "Does Child Labour Displace Schooling? Evidence on Behavioural Responses to an Enrollment Subsidy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(462), pages 158-175, March.
    8. Lorena Alcazar & Silvio Rendon & Erik Wachtenheim, 2002. "Working and Studying in Rural Latin America: Critical Decisions of Adolescence," Research Department Publications 3162, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trabajo infantil; Educación y trabajo; América Latina;

    JEL classification:

    • D11 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Theory
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination

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