El bienestar biológico de los españoles durante la Restauración: un análisis provincial
Anthropometric indicators provide valuable information on nutritional status and living standards. This paper uses these indicators to explore the biological wellbeing of Spaniards during the Bourbon Restoration. From a sample of anthropometric data composed of 119,571 soldiers at age 20, measured between 1903 and 1906 -cohorts which were born between 1883 and 1886-, it presents the provincial results of height, weight, and BMI values and other aspects of biological living standards. Average heights are compared with previous periods to check the biological well-being during the second half of the nineteenth century. Anthropometric outcomes (height, weight and chest circumference) show the inequality of nutritional status in Spanish geography and suggest the influence of environmental and institutional factors in human development.
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