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La produccion agraria y el consumo español en el siglo XIX

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  • Simpson, James

Abstract

Las dificultades que existían para determinar la producción agraria a nivel nacional, en el siglo XIX, son bien conocidas. La poca fiabilidad del diezmo en muchas zonas del país después de la Guerra de la Independencia, y la falta de un catastro o de buenas informaciones del tamaño de la superficie cultivada, hicieron casi imposible la tarea de los economistas y agrónomos durante la mayor parte del siglo XIX para calcular cifras razonables de la producción. Por tanto, será muy difícil obtener hoy día un índice, bien con datos de los archivos o bien por métodos estadísticos indirectos, que muestre las fluctuaciones a corto plazo y que tenga un nivel de fiabilidad suficientemente alto para ser útil. No obstante, para obtener una aproximación de las transformaciones de la economía española a largo plazo, es necesario saber algo de los ritmos de cambio en el sector agrario. El historiador tiene dos posibilidades: utilizar fuentes como las estimaciones de producción que se encuentran en el Censo de Frutos y Manufacturas o las de la Junta Consultiva Agronómica (JCA) y Sodila, o recurrir a otros indicadores, como los cambios en la renta per capita o el consumo de alimentos, como aproximaciones.

Suggested Citation

  • Simpson, James, 1989. "La produccion agraria y el consumo español en el siglo XIX," Revista de Historia Económica / Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 7(2), pages 355-388, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:reveco:v:7:y:1989:i:02:p:355-388_00
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    Cited by:

    1. Carlos Álvarez-Nogal & Leandro Prados De La Escosura, 2013. "The rise and fall of Spain (1270–1850)," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 66(1), pages 1-37, February.
    2. Jesús Gonzalo & Jean-Yves Pitarakis, 2013. "Estimation and inference in threshold type regime switching models," Chapters, in: Nigar Hashimzade & Michael A. Thornton (ed.), Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Empirical Macroeconomics, chapter 8, pages 189-205, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. Joan R. Rosés & Kevin H. O'Rourke & Jeffrey G. Williamson, 2007. "Globalization, Growth and Distribution in Spain 1500-1913," Trinity Economics Papers tep0407, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
    4. Vecchi, Giovanni & Coppola, Michela, 2006. "Nutrition and growth in Italy, 1861-1911: What macroeconomic data hide," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 43(3), pages 438-464, July.
    5. Simpson, James, 1995. "How important was tariff protection for Spanish farming prior to 1936?," Economic History Working Papers 22433, London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History.
    6. Simpson, James, 2000. "Labour markets and rural unrest in Spanish agriculture, 1860-1936," IFCS - Working Papers in Economic History.WH 8561, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola.
    7. Leandro Prados de la Escosura & Carlos Santiago-Caballero, 2018. "The Napoleonic Wars: A Watershed in Spanish History?," Working Papers 0130, European Historical Economics Society (EHES).
    8. José Miguel Martínez-Carrión, 2016. "El bienestar biológico de los españoles durante la Restauración: un análisis provincial," Documentos de Trabajo de la Sociedad de Estudios de Historia Agraria 1601, Sociedad de Estudios de Historia Agraria.
    9. Santiago-Caballero, Carlos, 2012. "Provincial grain yields in Spain, 1750-2009," IFCS - Working Papers in Economic History.WH wp12-04, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola.
    10. Stefan Houpt & Juan Carlos Rojo Cagigal, 2012. "Hunger in Hell’s Kitchen: real wages and deprivation in Spain’s early industrialisation - the Bilbao Estuary, 1914-35," Working Papers 12025, Economic History Society.
    11. Santiago-Caballero, Carlos, 2011. "Income inequality in central Spain, 1690-1800," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 83-96, January.
    12. Federico, Giovanni, 2003. "Heights, calories and welfare: a new perspective on Italian industrialization, 1854-1913," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 1(3), pages 289-308, December.
    13. Giovanni Federico & Paolo Malanima, 2004. "Progress, decline, growth: product and productivity in Italian agriculture, 1000–2000," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 57(3), pages 437-464, August.
    14. Francisco J. Medina‐Albaladejo & Salvador Calatayud, 2020. "Unequal access to food during the nutritional transition: evidence from Mediterranean Spain," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 73(4), pages 1023-1049, November.
    15. Carlos Santiago-Caballero, 2012. "Breaking with natural constraints: provincial grain yields in Spain 1750-2009," Working Papers 12015, Economic History Society.
    16. Santiago-Caballero, Carlos, 2010. "Amartya Sen revisited : trade, inequality and growth in central Spain, 1700-1800," IFCS - Working Papers in Economic History.WH wp10-04, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola.
    17. Ramon Garrabou & Enric Tello & Xavier Cussó, 2006. "Between specialization and globalization. The marketing of agrarian products and its environmental impacts seen from a historical perspective: the province of Barcelona in the mid-nineteenth century," UHE Working papers 2006_06, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Departament d'Economia i Història Econòmica, Unitat d'Història Econòmica.
    18. Francisco J. Medina-Albaladejo & Salvador Calatayud, 2019. "Inequality during the nutritional transition: Hospital diets in Mediterranean Spain (Valencia, 1853-1923)," Documentos de Trabajo (DT-AEHE) 1909, Asociación Española de Historia Económica.

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