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The relationship between height and economic development in Spain. A historical perspective

  • Ramón María-Dolores

    ()

    (Universidad de Murcia)

  • José Miguel Martínez Carrión

    ()

    (Universidad de Murcia)

This paper investigates the relationship between height and economic development in Spain in the modern period. The relation is investigated using recently constructed times series with recruitment data of conscripts. We observed changes in average height along the analyzed period. These variations could be explained by different indicators of economic development such as consumption of hygiene products, the deflator of private consumption, income per capìta, schooling rate, infant mortality and trade (degree of openness). We model human stature as a Vector Autoregressive Model (VAR) and we proceed to estimate a Vector Autoregressive Equilibrium Correction Model (VECqM) to quantify the height response to different changes in the different explanatory variables. The analysis shows that there is a long-°©‐run relationship between height, income, and other indicators of economic development in Spain as consumption of hygiene products, and the degree of openness

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Paper provided by Asociación Española de Historia Económica in its series Documentos de Trabajo (DT-AEHE) with number 0912.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ahe:dtaehe:0912
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  4. Martinez-Carrión José Miguel & Pérez-Castejón Juan José, 2000. "On the Height of Spanish Recruits During the Early Phases of Modern Economic Growth," Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte / Economic History Yearbook, De Gruyter, vol. 41(1), pages 95-112, June.
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  18. Brinkman, Henk Jan & Drukker, J. W. & Slot, Brigitte, 1988. "Height and income: A new method for the estimation of historical national income series," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 227-264, July.
  19. Richard H. Steckel, 2008. "Biological Measures of the Standard of Living," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 22(1), pages 129-152, Winter.
  20. Baten Jörg, 2000. "Heights and Real Wages in the 18th and 19th Centuries: An International Overview," Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte / Economic History Yearbook, De Gruyter, vol. 41(1), pages 61-76, June.
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