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Learning and Equilibrium Selection in a Monetary Overlapping Generations Model with Sticky

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Abstract

PricesThis paper studies the properties of adaptive learning as a device to select amongst the rational expectations equilibria of a monetary overlapping generations model. It extends previous contributions by introducing monopolistic competition and improves upon them by analyzing learning in a model with a well-defined temporary equilibrium map, a coherent informational setup, and properly specified microfoundations. The main result is that adaptive learning is a robust selection mechanism that independent from the degree of imperfect competition always selects the same equilibrium. The indeterminate steady state and the non-stationary equilibria are never stable. The determinate low inflation steady state is the unique stable equilibrium; however, depending on how agents forecast, stability is found to be related to observable characteristics of the economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Klaus Adam, 2001. "Learning and Equilibrium Selection in a Monetary Overlapping Generations Model with Sticky," CSEF Working Papers 69, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
  • Handle: RePEc:sef:csefwp:69
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    File URL: http://www.csef.it/WP/wp69.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Marcet, Albert & Sargent, Thomas J., 1989. "Convergence of least squares learning mechanisms in self-referential linear stochastic models," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 337-368, August.
    2. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1977. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(3), pages 297-308, June.
    3. Marimon, Ramon & Sunder, Shyam, 1993. "Indeterminacy of Equilibria in a Hyperinflationary World: Experimental Evidence," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 61(5), pages 1073-1107, September.
    4. Lettau, M. & Van Zandt, T., 1995. "Robustness of Adaptive Expections as an Equilibrium Selection Device," Papers 9598, Tilburg - Center for Economic Research.
    5. Gali, Jordi & Gertler, Mark, 1999. "Inflation dynamics: A structural econometric analysis," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 195-222, October.
    6. Duffy John, 1994. "On Learning and the Nonuniqueness of Equilibrium in an Overlapping Generations Model with Fiat Money," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 541-553, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Klaus Adam & Albert Marcet & Juan Pablo Nicolini, 2016. "Stock Market Volatility and Learning," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 71(1), pages 33-82, February.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    adaptive learning; equilibrium selection; rational expectations; indeterminacy; stability;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness
    • C62 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium

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