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Revisiting Procedure and Precedent in the WTO: An Analysis of US – Countervailing and Anti-Dumping Measures (China)


  • Mostafa Beshkar
  • Adam S. Chilton


After not applying countervailing duty (CVD) law against non-market economies (NMEs) for two decades, the United State opened a CVD investigation against China in 2006. After extensive litigation, a U.S. appeals court ruled that it was illegal to apply CVD law to NMEs. While that ruling was being appealed, the U.S. Congress passed legislation stipulating that the application of CVD law to NMEs starting in 2006 was legal. China challenged this legislation at the WTO. The dispute resulted in a ruling that left open the possibility that the legislation violated the GATT, as well as a finding that the United States must investigate its application of countervailing and antidumping duties against China. This dispute has implications for a number of current WTO debates including: whether Appellate Body rulings create binding precedent, whether the Appellate Body should have authority to remand cases, and what information should be required in panel requests.

Suggested Citation

  • Mostafa Beshkar & Adam S. Chilton, 2015. "Revisiting Procedure and Precedent in the WTO: An Analysis of US – Countervailing and Anti-Dumping Measures (China)," RSCAS Working Papers 2015/68, European University Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:rsc:rsceui:2015/68

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Crowley, Meredith A. & Palmeter, David, 2009. "Japan – Countervailing Duties on Dynamic Random Access Memories from Korea (DS 336 and Corr.1, adopted 17 December 2007)," World Trade Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 8(01), pages 259-272, January.
    2. Prusa, Thomas J. & Vermulst, Edwin, 2013. "United States – Definitive Anti-Dumping and Countervailing Duties on Certain Products from China: Passing the Buck on Pass-Through," World Trade Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 12(02), pages 197-234, April.
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    Non-Market Economies; Countervailing and Antidumping Duties; Precedents; Remand Authority; World Trade Organization;

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