The Overpricing Problem: Moral Hazard and Franchises
We hypothesize that moral hazard is an important factor in explaining the under performance of firms, identified by Ritter (1991), following initial public offerings (IPOs). We test this hypothesis by comparing post-IPO returns of franchised and non-franchised firms. Franchised IPOs, whose franchise agreements mitigate the moral hazard problems that arise from the dilution of ownership following an IPO, outperform their non-franchised, matched counterpart IPOs over five years in the aftermarket.
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