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Labor Supply in the Future: Who Will Work?

Listed author(s):
  • Per Krusell

    (Stockholm University)

  • Jonna Olsson

    (IIES, Stockholm University)

  • Timo Boppart

    (IIES, Stockholm University)

Evidence on hours worked per capita from historical time series as well as from a large cross-section of countries at different income levels strongly suggests that the income effect of increased labor productivity exceeds the substitution effect. To the extent that productivity keeps growing in the future, we should then expect people to want to work less and less. Given that labor-force participation is associated with natural indivisibilities, our perspective must furthermore imply that a smaller and smaller fraction of the population will be working. So who will then withdraw from the labor force, and when? This paper examines these questions in a frictionless setting where consumers/workers at any point in time differ in wealth and in productivity. It also addresses the normative issue: who should (given some welfare weights) work in the future?

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File URL: https://economicdynamics.org/meetpapers/2017/paper_157.pdf
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Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2017 Meeting Papers with number 157.

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Date of creation: 2017
Handle: RePEc:red:sed017:157
Contact details of provider: Postal:
Society for Economic Dynamics Marina Azzimonti Department of Economics Stonybrook University 10 Nicolls Road Stonybrook NY 11790 USA

Web page: http://www.EconomicDynamics.org/
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  1. Rogerson, Richard, 1988. "Indivisible labor, lotteries and equilibrium," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 3-16, January.
  2. Krusell, Per & Mukoyama, Toshihiko & Rogerson, Richard & Sahin, Aysegül, 2008. "Aggregate implications of indivisible labor, incomplete markets, and labor market frictions," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(5), pages 961-979, July.
  3. Julio Dávila & Jay H. Hong & Per Krusell & José‐Víctor Ríos‐Rull, 2012. "Constrained Efficiency in the Neoclassical Growth Model With Uninsurable Idiosyncratic Shocks," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 80(6), pages 2431-2467, November.
  4. Jonathan Heathcote & Kjetil Storesletten & Giovanni L. Violante, 2014. "Consumption and Labor Supply with Partial Insurance: An Analytical Framework," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(7), pages 2075-2126, July.
  5. King, Robert G. & Plosser, Charles I. & Rebelo, Sergio T., 1988. "Production, growth and business cycles : II. New directions," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2-3), pages 309-341.
  6. MaCurdy, Thomas E, 1981. "An Empirical Model of Labor Supply in a Life-Cycle Setting," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(6), pages 1059-1085, December.
  7. Timo Boppart & Per Krusell, 2016. "Labor Supply in the Past, Present, and Future: a Balanced-Growth Perspective," NBER Working Papers 22215, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Rios-Rull, Jose-Victor & Kuhn, Moritz, 2016. "2013 Update on the U.S. Earnings, Income, and Wealth Distributional Facts: A View from Macroeconomics," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue April, pages 1-75.
  9. King, Robert G. & Plosser, Charles I. & Rebelo, Sergio T., 1988. "Production, growth and business cycles : I. The basic neoclassical model," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2-3), pages 195-232.
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