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Monetary Policy with State Contingent Interest Rates

  • Pedro Teles
  • Bernardino Adao
  • Isabel Correia

What instruments of monetary policy must be used in order to implement a unique equilibrium? This paper revisits the issues addressed by Poole (1970) and Sargent and Wallace (1975) on the multiplicity of equilibria when policy is conducted with either interest rate or money supply rules. We show that if monetary policy is conducted with both interest rates and money supplies as independent instruments it is possible to implement a unique equilibrium. This policy may require the government to set interest rates for all dates and states and in addition set exogenously the money supply every period in some, but not all, states. We show that an alternative policy that would implement a unique equilibrium sets exogenously the state contingent nominal interest rates as well as the initial money supply. These results hold whether prices are flexible or set in advance.

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Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2004 Meeting Papers with number 813.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed004:813
Contact details of provider: Postal: Society for Economic Dynamics Christian Zimmermann Economic Research Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis PO Box 442 St. Louis MO 63166-0442 USA
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Web page: http://www.EconomicDynamics.org/society.htm
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  1. Sargent, Thomas J & Wallace, Neil, 1975. ""Rational" Expectations, the Optimal Monetary Instrument, and the Optimal Money Supply Rule," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 83(2), pages 241-54, April.
  2. DREZE, Jacques & POLEMARCHAKIS, Heracles, 2000. "Monetary equilibria," CORE Discussion Papers 2000044, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  3. Bernardino Adão & Isabel Horta Correia & Pedro Teles, 2001. "Gaps and Triangles," Working Papers w200102, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
  4. Tomoyuki Nakajima & Herakles Polemarchakis, 2005. "Money and Prices Under Uncertainty," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 72(1), pages 223-246.
  5. Charles T. Carlstrom & Timothy S. Fuerst, 2001. "Timing and real indeterminacy in monetary models," Working Paper 9910R, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  6. Buera, Francisco & Nicolini, Juan Pablo, 2004. "Optimal maturity of government debt without state contingent bonds," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(3), pages 531-554, April.
  7. BLOISE, Gaetano & DREZE, Jacques H. & POLEMARCHAKIS, Herakles M., . "Monetary equilibria over an infinite horizon," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1750, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  8. McCallum, Bennett T., 1981. "Price level determinacy with an interest rate policy rule and rational expectations," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 319-329.
  9. George-Marios Angeletos, 2002. "Fiscal Policy With Noncontingent Debt And The Optimal Maturity Structure," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 117(3), pages 1105-1131, August.
  10. Lawrence J. Christiano & Massimo Rostagno, 2001. "Money Growth Monitoring and the Taylor Rule," NBER Working Papers 8539, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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