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Monetary equilibria

Author

Listed:
  • DREZE, Jacques

    (Université catholique de Louvain, CORE, Belgium)

  • POLEMARCHAKIS, Heracles

    (Université catholique de Louvain, CORE, Belgium)

Abstract

The introduction of banks that issue money and supply balances and pay out their profis as dividends is the natural modification of the model of general competitive equilibrium that encompasses monetary economies with an operative transactions technology. Monetary policy sets nominal rates of interest and accommodates the demand for balances; alternatively, it sets the supply of balances and rates of interest adjust for money markets to clear. Competitive equilibria exist. Under uncertainty, monetary policy fails to determine the distribution of the rate of inflation or the allocation of resources at equilibrium. If, in addition to rates of interest, monetary policy sets the prices of contingent loans subject to no-arbitrage constraints, or targets the distribution of the terminal level of prices, it lifts the multiplicity.
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Suggested Citation

  • DREZE, Jacques & POLEMARCHAKIS, Heracles, 1995. "Monetary equilibria," CORE Discussion Papers 1995078, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  • Handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:1995078
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    File URL: https://uclouvain.be/en/research-institutes/immaq/core/dp-1995.html
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Pradeep Dubey & John Geanakoplos, 2000. "Inside and Outside Money, Gains to Trade, and IS-LM," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1257, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    2. Gaetano Bloise & Jacques Dréze & Herakles Polemarchakis, 2005. "Monetary equilibria over an infinite horizon," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 25(1), pages 51-74, January.
    3. Ostroy, Joseph M & Starr, Ross M, 1974. "Money and the Decentralization of Exchange," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 42(6), pages 1093-1113, November.
    4. Kiyotaki, Nobuhiro & Wright, Randall, 1989. "On Money as a Medium of Exchange," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(4), pages 927-954, August.
    5. Sargent, Thomas J & Wallace, Neil, 1975. ""Rational" Expectations, the Optimal Monetary Instrument, and the Optimal Money Supply Rule," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 83(2), pages 241-254, April.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Schabert, Andreas, 2005. "Identifying monetary policy shocks with changes in open market operations," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 49(3), pages 561-577, April.
    2. Marimon, Ramon & Nicolini, Juan Pablo & Teles, Pedro, 2003. "Inside-outside money competition," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(8), pages 1701-1718, November.
    3. Gourdel & Triki, 2005. "Monetary Policy with Incomplete Markets," Finance 0503026, EconWPA.
    4. Bai, Jinhui H. & Schwarz, Ingolf, 2006. "Monetary equilibria in a cash-in-advance economy with incomplete financial markets," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(4-5), pages 422-451, August.
    5. Pascal Gourdel & Leila Triki, 2005. "Incomplete markets and monetary policy," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques b05024, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
    6. BLOISE, Gaetano & DRÈZE, Jacques & POLEMARCHAKIS, Heracles, 2002. "Money and indeterminacy over an infinite horizon," CORE Discussion Papers 2002021, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    7. Tsomocos, Dimitrios P., 2003. "Equilibrium analysis, banking and financial instability," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(5-6), pages 619-655, July.
    8. Andreas Schabert, 2004. "On the relevance of open market operations for the short-run effects of monetary policy," Money Macro and Finance (MMF) Research Group Conference 2003 83, Money Macro and Finance Research Group.
    9. Bloise, Gaetano, 2006. "Money, gains to trade and impatience," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 22-34, March.
    10. Bernardino Adão & Isabel Horta Correia & Pedro Teles, 2004. "Monetary Policy with State Contingent Interest Rates," Working Papers w200418, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    11. Goodhart, Charles A. E. & Sunirand, Pojanart & Tsomocos, Dimitrios P., 2004. "A model to analyse financial fragility: applications," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 1-30, September.
    12. Ingolf Schwarz, 2006. "Monetary Equilibria in a Baumol-Tobin Economy," Discussion Paper Series of the Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods 2006_15, Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D50 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - General
    • E40 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - General
    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General

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