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The Characteristics and Trading Behaviour of Dual-listed Companies

Author

Listed:
  • Jaideep Bedi

    (Reserve Bank of Australia)

  • Anthony Richards

    (Reserve Bank of Australia)

  • Paul Tennant

    (Reserve Bank of Australia)

Abstract

We examine the characteristics and stock price behaviour of existing and recently unified dual-listed companies (DLCs, also known as Siamese-twin companies). DLC structures are effectively mergers in which companies agree to combine their operations and cash flows, but retain separate identities and shareholder registries. We identify 14 such international structures and survey the rationales that have been advanced for the creation as well as the unification of such groups. We find that three recent Anglo-Australian DLCs exhibit the ‘excess comovement’ phenomenon identified by Froot and Dabora (1999) and confirm this phenomenon has persisted for the long-standing Anglo-Dutch DLCs. We also investigate what happens to the market exposures of DLCs that have been abandoned in favour of a unified structure. Standard models would suggest there should be no change in the betas of the combined firm, while models of trading-based comovement would suggest that betas could change. We find that the market value of the unified DLCs becomes more (less) correlated with the market index of the new primary (secondary) market after unification. Together with the evidence for excess comovement, this result is consistent with a model where the market prices of assets depend not only on fundamentals, but also on the location of trade and the investors that hold the assets. Finally, we conduct an event study into the stock returns of DLC twins around the time of unification announcements. Unifications of the share structure have typically occurred on the market that placed the higher value on the cash flows of the DLC. Not surprisingly, the pricing of the twins converges after these announcements, and we find that a rise in the value of the discounted twin is apparently accompanied by a modest fall in the value of the twin trading at a premium.

Suggested Citation

  • Jaideep Bedi & Anthony Richards & Paul Tennant, 2003. "The Characteristics and Trading Behaviour of Dual-listed Companies," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2003-06, Reserve Bank of Australia.
  • Handle: RePEc:rba:rbardp:rdp2003-06
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    File URL: https://www.rba.gov.au/publications/rdp/2003/pdf/rdp2003-06.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ravi Kashyap, 2016. "Hong Kong -- Shanghai Connect / Hong Kong -- Beijing Disconnect (?): Scaling the Great Wall of Chinese Securities Trading Costs," Papers 1603.01341, arXiv.org, revised Sep 2019.
    2. Thomas J. Flavin & Michael R. Wickens, 2006. "Optimal International Asset Allocation With Time‐Varying Risk," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 53(5), pages 543-564, November.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    dual-listed company; Siamese twin companies; international equities;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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