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Calculating the excellence shift: How efficiently do institutions produce highly cited papers?


  • Bornmann, Lutz
  • Wohlrabe, Klaus


The excellence shift is proposed, which shows universities’ ability to produce highly cited papers as measured against their basic academic research efficiency (ARE). To demonstrate our approach, we use data from 50 US universities.

Suggested Citation

  • Bornmann, Lutz & Wohlrabe, Klaus, 2017. "Calculating the excellence shift: How efficiently do institutions produce highly cited papers?," MPRA Paper 79094, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:79094

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Abramo, Giovanni & D’Angelo, Ciriaco Andrea, 2016. "A farewell to the MNCS and like size-independent indicators," Journal of Informetrics, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 646-651.
    2. Bornmann, Lutz & Leydesdorff, Loet & Mutz, Rüdiger, 2013. "The use of percentiles and percentile rank classes in the analysis of bibliometric data: Opportunities and limits," Journal of Informetrics, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 158-165.
    3. Mehdi Rhaiem, 2017. "Measurement and determinants of academic research efficiency: a systematic review of the evidence," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 110(2), pages 581-615, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gralka, Sabine & Wohlrabe, Klaus & Bornmann, Lutz, 2017. "The Completion Shift of German Universities of Applied Sciences," MPRA Paper 82794, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Lutz Bornmann & Klaus Wohlrabe & Sabine Gralka, 2019. "The graduation shift of German universities of applied sciences," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 14(1), pages 1-19, January.
    3. Balázs Győrffy & Andrea Magda Nagy & Péter Herman & Ádám Török, 2018. "Factors influencing the scientific performance of Momentum grant holders: an evaluation of the first 117 research groups," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 117(1), pages 409-426, October.

    More about this item


    Efficiency; high-impact papers; excellence shift;

    JEL classification:

    • A1 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics
    • A12 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Other Disciplines
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions

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