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Older entrepreneurs-by-necessity using fuzzy set methods: differences between developed and developing countries

Author

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  • Molina, Jose Alberto
  • Ortega, Raquel
  • Velilla, Jorge

Abstract

In this paper, we empirically analyze the individual characteristics that drive older workers to become entrepreneurs, more by necessity than desire, providing evidence of the differences between developed and developing countries. While OLS models do not provide any meaningful conclusions, Qualitative Comparative Analysis and fuzzy set logic, at the country level, using GEM 2014 Global Individual micro-data, show the importance of the various combinations of high and/or low values of skills, opportunities, entrepreneurial perceptions, peer effects, and satisfaction with life and income. This indicates how entrepreneurship may be a potential source of income for older workers, in a range of contexts. Further, we find that all the possible combinations of higher values of the latter features are necessity conditions.

Suggested Citation

  • Molina, Jose Alberto & Ortega, Raquel & Velilla, Jorge, 2017. "Older entrepreneurs-by-necessity using fuzzy set methods: differences between developed and developing countries," MPRA Paper 76982, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:76982
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ferrando-Latorre, Sandra & Velilla, Jorge, 2018. "La transmisión intergeneracional de la actividad emprendedora en las familias españolas
      [Intergeneration transmissions of the entrepreneurial activity in Spanish households]
      ," MPRA Paper 83573, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. García, Lucia, 2018. "El mercado laboral en España desde la oferta: evolución reciente nacional y regional
      [Supply labour market in Spain: recent evolution at a national and regional level]
      ," MPRA Paper 85262, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Jorge, Velilla, 2017. "Feminization of entrepreneurship in developing countries? Evidence from GEM data," MPRA Paper 79997, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Morales, Marina & Velilla, Jorge, 2018. "The effect of cultural environment on entrepreneurial decisions," MPRA Paper 83835, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Velilla, Jorge & Sánchez Gracia, Rebeca, 2018. "El emprendimiento sénior: Marco conceptual y evidencia empírica
      [Third-age entrepreneurship: Conceptual framework and empirical evidence]
      ," MPRA Paper 83567, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Entrepreneurship; Older individuals; Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis; GEM data.;

    JEL classification:

    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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