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Anti Money Laundering Mechanism: An Application of Principal-Agent Model for Pakistan


  • Shah, Syed Azhar Hussain
  • Shah, Syed Akhter Hussain
  • Khan, Sajawal


In this paper anti money laundering policy of the international financial regime is analyzed in principal agent model perspective. The strategy of the principal for formal agents is deliberated for global financial stability. This strategy encompasses incentive and dis-incentive for cooperation of formal agent. Formal agent by cooperating with principal may induce dis-incentive for informal agent. All the integrating stake holders make decision on the basis of comparison of present value of marginal cost of non-cooperation and present value of returns from cooperation. As the desired objective of the principal is to minimize transaction of money through informal channels therefore it has to include informal agents and clients in the strategy. The successful anti money laundering strategy can only be evolved by the cooperation of all the stakeholders.

Suggested Citation

  • Shah, Syed Azhar Hussain & Shah, Syed Akhter Hussain & Khan, Sajawal, 2007. "Anti Money Laundering Mechanism: An Application of Principal-Agent Model for Pakistan," MPRA Paper 7436, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:7436

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Tanzi, Vito, 1999. "Uses and Abuses of Estimates of the Underground Economy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(456), pages 338-347, June.
    2. Syed Azhar Hussain Shah & Syed Akhter Hussain Shah & Sajawal Khan, 2006. "Governance of Money Laundering: An Application of the Principal-agent Model," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 45(4), pages 1117-1133.
    3. Dominik H. Enste & Friedrich Schneider, 2000. "Shadow Economies: Size, Causes, and Consequences," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 38(1), pages 77-114, March.
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    More about this item


    International Financial Regime; Principal Agent model and Money Laundering;

    JEL classification:

    • G38 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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