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Multidimensional Poverty: First Evidence from Vietnam

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  • Le, Ha
  • Nguyen, Cuong
  • Phung, Tung

Abstract

This study examines multidimensional poverty in Vietnam using the method of Alkire and Foster (2007, 2011) and household data from Vietnam Household Living Standard Surveys 2010 and 2012. The poverty is analyzed in five dimensions including health, education, insurance and social support, living condition, and social participation. The result shows that multidimensional poverty has decreased slightly during the 2010-2012 period. There is a large difference between multidimensional poverty and expenditure/income based poverty. While Northern Mountain is the poorest region in terms of income or expenditure, Mekong River Delta is the poorest region in terms of multidimensional poverty. The decomposition analysis shows that the ethnic minority group has a small proportion of population but contributes largely to the national multidimensional poverty. We also decompose the total multidimensional poverty into the contribution of five dimensions. It finds that the deprivation of dimension ‘Social insurance and social assistance’ contributes the most to the total poverty, while the deprivation of dimension ‘Living conditions’ contributes the least to the total poverty.

Suggested Citation

  • Le, Ha & Nguyen, Cuong & Phung, Tung, 2014. "Multidimensional Poverty: First Evidence from Vietnam," MPRA Paper 64704, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:64704
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jean-Yves Duclos & David E. Sahn & Stephen D. Younger, 2006. "Robust Multidimensional Poverty Comparisons," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 116(514), pages 943-968, October.
    2. Alkire, Sabina & Foster, James, 2011. "Counting and multidimensional poverty measurement," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(7-8), pages 476-487, August.
    3. Alkire, Sabina, 2005. "Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199283316.
    4. Caterina Ruggeri Laderchi & Ruhi Saith & Frances Stewart, 2003. "Does it Matter that we do not Agree on the Definition of Poverty? A Comparison of Four Approaches," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(3), pages 243-274.
    5. Maasoumi, Esfandiar & Lugo, Maria, 2006. "The Information Basis of Multivariate Poverty Assessments," Departmental Working Papers 0603, Southern Methodist University, Department of Economics.
    6. Martin Ravallion, 2011. "On multidimensional indices of poverty," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 9(2), pages 235-248, June.
    7. Francisco H. G. Ferreira & Maria Ana Lugo, 2013. "Multidimensional Poverty Analysis: Looking for a Middle Ground," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 28(2), pages 220-235, August.
    8. Cuong, Nguyen Viet & Tung, Phung Duc & Westbrook, Daniel, 2015. "Do the poorest ethnic minorities benefit from a large-scale poverty reduction program? Evidence from Vietnam," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 3-14.
    9. Lanjouw, Peter & Marra, Marleen & Nguyen, Cuong, 2013. "Vietnam's evolving poverty map : patterns and implications for policy," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6355, The World Bank.
    10. repec:spr:esisew:978-0-387-75875-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. François Bourguignon & Satya Chakravarty, 2003. "The Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 1(1), pages 25-49, April.
    12. Jean-Yves Duclos & David Sahn & Stephen D. Younger, 2006. "Robust Multidimensional Spatial Poverty Comparisons in Ghana, Madagascar, and Uganda," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 20(1), pages 91-113.
    13. Joseph Deutsch & Jacques Silber, 2005. "Measuring Multidimensional Poverty: An Empirical Comparison Of Various Approaches," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 51(1), pages 145-174, March.
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    15. Dang, Vinh & Do, Trang & Nguyen, Cuong & Phung, Thu & Phung, Tung, 2013. "Achievements and challenges in the progress of reaching millennium development goals of Vietnam," MPRA Paper 54207, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Hicks, Douglas A., 2004. "Inequalities, Agency, and Well-being: Conceptual Linkages and Measurement Challenges in Development," WIDER Working Paper Series 031, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
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    Cited by:

    1. Santos, Maria Emma, 2019. "Non-monetary indicators to monitor SDG targets 1.2 and 1.4: standards, availability, comparability and quality," Estudios Estadísticos 99, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    2. dos Santos, Herivelto Tiago Marcondes & Dias, Rubens Alves & Balestieri, José Antônio Perrella, 2016. "Application of factorial analysis to a Brazilian metropolitan region considering the Millennium Development Goals," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 276-291.
    3. Diem Hoang & Van Hoang Tran, 2018. "Multidimensional poverty in Viet Nam: Evidence from a rural household survey," WIDER Working Paper Series 127, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Multidimensional Poverty; Poverty; Food poverty; Household survey; Vietnam;

    JEL classification:

    • H0 - Public Economics - - General
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty

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