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Multidimensional poverty: evidence from Vietnam

Author

Listed:
  • Ha Le

    () (Mekong Development Research Institute)

  • Cuong Nguyen

    () (National Economics University and Mekong Development Research Institute, Hanoi, Vietnam)

  • Tung Phung

    () (Mekong Development Research Institute, Hanoi, Vietnam)

Abstract

This study examines multidimensional poverty in Vietnam using the method of Alkire and Foster (2007, 2011) and household data from Vietnam Household Living Standard Surveys 2010 and 2012. The poverty is analyzed in five dimensions including health, education, insurance and social support, living condition, and social participation. The result shows that multidimensional poverty has decreased slightly during the 2010-2012 period. There is a large difference between multidimensional poverty and expenditure/income based poverty. While Northern Mountain is the poorest region in terms of income or expenditure, Mekong River Delta is the poorest region in terms of multidimensional poverty. The decomposition analysis shows that the ethnic minority group has a small proportion of population but contributes largely to the national multidimensional poverty. We also decompose the total multidimensional poverty into the contribution of five dimensions. We find that the deprivation of dimension ‘Social insurance and social assistance' contributes the most to the total poverty, while the deprivation of dimension ‘Living conditions' contributes the least to the total poverty.

Suggested Citation

  • Ha Le & Cuong Nguyen & Tung Phung, 2015. "Multidimensional poverty: evidence from Vietnam," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 35(4), pages 2820-2831.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-15-00456
    as

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    File URL: http://www.accessecon.com/Pubs/EB/2015/Volume35/EB-15-V35-I4-P282.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Alkire, Sabina, 2005. "Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199283316.
    2. Alkire, Sabina & Foster, James, 2011. "Counting and multidimensional poverty measurement," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(7), pages 476-487.
    3. Martin Ravallion, 2011. "On multidimensional indices of poverty," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 9(2), pages 235-248, June.
    4. Cuong, Nguyen Viet & Tung, Phung Duc & Westbrook, Daniel, 2015. "Do the poorest ethnic minorities benefit from a large-scale poverty reduction program? Evidence from Vietnam," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 3-14.
    5. Chakravarty, Satya R. & Deutsch, Joseph & Silber, Jacques, 2008. "On the Watts Multidimensional Poverty Index and its Decomposition," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(6), pages 1067-1077, June.
    6. Udaya Wagle, 2008. "Multidimensional Poverty Measurement," Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion, and Well-Being, Springer, number 978-0-387-75875-6, June.
    7. Caterina Ruggeri Laderchi & Ruhi Saith & Frances Stewart, 2003. "Does it Matter that we do not Agree on the Definition of Poverty? A Comparison of Four Approaches," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(3), pages 243-274.
    8. Nguyen Viet, Cuong, 2011. "Poverty projection using a small area estimation method: Evidence from Vietnam," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 368-382, September.
    9. Joseph Deutsch & Jacques Silber, 2005. "Measuring Multidimensional Poverty: An Empirical Comparison Of Various Approaches," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 51(1), pages 145-174, March.
    10. Lanjouw, Peter & Marra, Marleen & Nguyen, Cuong, 2013. "Vietnam's evolving poverty map : patterns and implications for policy," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6355, The World Bank.
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    Cited by:

    1. Rubino, Michele & Vitolla, Filippo & Raimo, Nicola & Garzoni, Antonello, 2019. "Cultura nazionale e livello di digitalizzazione delle imprese europee: evidenze empiriche," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 581-593.
    2. Nguyen, Cuong & Lo, Duc, 2016. "Testing Proxy Means Tests in the Field: Evidence from Vietnam," MPRA Paper 80002, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Multidimensional Poverty; Poverty; Food poverty; Household survey; Vietnam;

    JEL classification:

    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty

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