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Türkiye’den Oecd Ülkelerine Gerçekleşen Göçün Çekim Modeli İle Analizi
[Immigration to the Oecd Countries from Turkey: A Gravity Model Approach]

Author

Listed:
  • Dinçer, Gönül
  • Muratoğlu, Yusuf

Abstract

Son dönemlerin en belirgin ve en tartışmalı olgularından birisi olan uluslararası göç; hem göçün kaynaklandığı ülkelerde, hem de göç alıcı ülkelerde önemli sosyal ve ekonomik değişimlere yol açmaktadır. Dolayısıyla giderek daha fazla sayıda araştırmacı bu olgunun nedenlerini ve sonuçlarını araştırmaya yönelmektedir. Göçlerin ekonomik nedenleri, Çekim Modeli (Gravity Model) kullanılarak çok yönlü ve etkin bir biçimde analiz edilebilmektedir. Çekim Modeli, genellikle ülkeler arasındaki karşılıklı ticaret akımlarını inceleyen, görece yeni, açıklama gücü yüksek ve kullanışlı bir modeldir. Öte yandan Model, ülkeler arasındaki göç akımlarını analiz etmeye de oldukça elverişli olup, uluslararası göç alan yazınında da kullanılmaktadır. Bu çalışmada Türkiye’den 20 OECD ülkesine 1960-2010 döneminde gerçekleşen göçün ekonomik belirleyenleri Genişletilmiş Çekim Modeli (Augmented Gravity Model) kullanılarak analiz edilmiştir.

Suggested Citation

  • Dinçer, Gönül & Muratoğlu, Yusuf, 2014. "Türkiye’den Oecd Ülkelerine Gerçekleşen Göçün Çekim Modeli İle Analizi [Immigration to the Oecd Countries from Turkey: A Gravity Model Approach]," MPRA Paper 62201, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:62201
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Lewer, Joshua J. & Van den Berg, Hendrik, 2008. "A gravity model of immigration," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 99(1), pages 164-167, April.
    2. Ron Boschma & Simona Iammarino & Raffaele Paci & Jordy Suriñach & Raul Ramos & Jordi Suriñach, 2017. "A Gravity Model of Migration Between the ENC and the EU," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 108(1), pages 21-35, February.
    3. Sourafel Girma & Zhihao Yu, 2002. "The link between immigration and trade: Evidence from the United Kingdom," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 138(1), pages 115-130, March.
    4. David Karemera & Victor Iwuagwu Oguledo & Bobby Davis, 2000. "A gravity model analysis of international migration to North America," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(13), pages 1745-1755.
    5. Keith Head & John Ries, 1998. "Immigration and Trade Creation: Econometric Evidence from Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 31(1), pages 47-62, February.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Uluslararası Göç; Çekim Modeli; Panel Veri Analizi;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration

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