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Relationship of Income Inequality and Labor Productivity on Fertility in the Philippines: 1985-2009

Author

Listed:
  • Macan, Vaneza Jean
  • Deluna, Roperto Jr

Abstract

This study investigates the relationship of income inequality (proxied by the Gini Coefficient), labor productivity (output per capita) on fertility rate in the Philippines. Specifically, this presents the trend of income inequality (ineq), labor productivity (lp) and fertility(tfr) in the Philippines from 1985 to 2009. The study uses Ordinary Least Square (OLS) estimates to study the relationship of the variables. Results revealed that income inequality and labor productivity has a negative relationship with fertility. Hence, an increase in this variable decreases fertility rate. This means that income inequality and labor productivity is significant in achieving the replacement level of fertility.

Suggested Citation

  • Macan, Vaneza Jean & Deluna, Roperto Jr, 2013. "Relationship of Income Inequality and Labor Productivity on Fertility in the Philippines: 1985-2009," MPRA Paper 51679, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:51679
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/51679/1/MPRA_paper_51679.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Mark W. Frank & Donald G. Freeman, 2003. "Inequality and Economic Growth Over the Business Cycle: Evidence From U.S. State-Level Data," Working Papers 0301, Sam Houston State University, Department of Economics and International Business.
    2. Christian Siegel, 2012. "Female Employment and Fertility - The Effects of Rising Female Wages," CEP Discussion Papers dp1156, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Income Inequality; Labor Productivity; Fertility; Ordinary Least Squares; Replacement level.;

    JEL classification:

    • J10 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - General
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth

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