От Машин Удовольствия К Моральным Сообществам (Размышления Над Новой Книгой Джеффри Ходжсона)
[From pleasure machines to moral communities (Reflections on a new book by Geoffrey Hodgson)]
Academic economists have a strong influence on political discourse in Russia by delivering through courses of "Economic theory" and "Institutional economics" very harmful conceptual elements for political discourse. This article proposes to change radically these courses in such a way that, instead of self-interest of the economic man, consideration of social relations exclusively through the prism of exchange, society and community as fictions, the state as a bandit and the opportunistic behavior as a norm, they would provide students with very different images of socio-economic interactions. Discursive paradigm in economics, the foundations of which were laid by John Commons, allows us to take another look at the institutions, transactions, contractual relationships, property, enterprises, and institutional change, and the contemporary communitarian philosophy (Michael Sandel, Alasdair Macintyre, Charles Taylor) and the historical, discursive and constructivist institutionalism in political science (Theda Skocpol, Vivien Schmidt, Colin Hay) make it possible to have different interpretations of the state, law, and civil society. This article calls for a return of institutional economics to the humanistic position of its founders and for a strong critic of the so-called "new institutional economics" and "new political economy". The author, following John Dewey, proposes to economists to feed by the results of their empirical research an enlarged political discourse, which will involve the general public. Among these empirical studies the institutional monitoring should play a central role. Performing institutional monitoring means doing research in the framework of the discursive paradigm, which is ontologically and epistemologically the adequate form of research for understanding the socio-economic-political realities.
|Date of creation:||Aug 2013|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published in Journal of Institutional Studies (Журнал институциональных исследований) 2.5(2013): pp. 7-47|
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- Stephen Dunn, 2009. "Cambridge Economics, Heterodoxy and Ontology: An Interview with Tony Lawson," Review of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(3), pages 481-496.
- Nathalie Sigot, 2010. "Utility and Justice: French Liberal Economists in the 19th Century," Post-Print hal-00637265, HAL.
- Chavance, Bernard, 2012. "John Commons's organizational theory of institutions: a discussion," Journal of Institutional Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 8(01), pages 27-47, March.
- Jimena HURTADO & Claire PIGNOL, 2007. "Rousseau, philosophie et économie," Cahiers d’économie politique / Papers in Political Economy, L'Harmattan, issue 53, pages 9-15.
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