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Skrócona wersja Skali Postaw Wobec Pieniędzy SPP-25. Dobór pozycji i walidacja narzędzia
[Short version of Money Attitudes Questionnaire. Items selection and scale validation]


  • Gasiorowska, Agata


Money Attitude Questionnaire is an original, Polish scale measuring cognitive, emotional and behavioral aspects of attitudes towards money. Because of its considerable length, in this paper I present a new, short version of this scale. The items were selected on the basis of factor loading and discrimination coefficients, based on the data obtained from an adult sample (N = 1447). Internal validity of the short scale was established with confirmatory factor analyses conducted on two representative samples. The comparison between original and short MAQ scales demonstrated that the short version revealed psychometric characteristics and correlation with other scales similar to full version. Moreover, using short scale to measure money attitudes as moderator in experimental study led to better results than using full scale. To conclude, short MAQ scale seems to be a useful tool to measure individual differences revealing money attitudes, and might be a useful tool for future research on social and economic behavior.

Suggested Citation

  • Gasiorowska, Agata, 2013. "Skrócona wersja Skali Postaw Wobec Pieniędzy SPP-25. Dobór pozycji i walidacja narzędzia
    [Short version of Money Attitudes Questionnaire. Items selection and scale validation]
    ," MPRA Paper 48169, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Apr 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:48169

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jonas, Eva & Sullivan, Daniel & Greenberg, Jeff, 2013. "Generosity, greed, norms, and death – Differential effects of mortality salience on charitable behavior," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 47-57.
    2. Richins, Marsha L & Dawson, Scott, 1992. " A Consumer Values Orientation for Materialism and Its Measurement: Scale Development and Validation," Journal of Consumer Research, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(3), pages 303-316, December.
    3. Gasiorowska, Agata, 2013. "Skala Postaw Wobec Pieniędzy SPP: Konstrukcja i walidacja narzędzia pomiarowego
      [Money Attitudes Questionnaire MAQ: Development and validation of measurement scale]
      ," MPRA Paper 46515, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Zaleskiewicz, Tomasz & Gasiorowska, Agata & Kesebir, Pelin & Luszczynska, Aleksandra & Pyszczynski, Tom, 2013. "Money and the fear of death: The symbolic power of money as an existential anxiety buffer," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 55-67.
    5. Furnham, Adrian, 1999. "The saving and spending habits of young people," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 677-697, December.
    6. T. Tang, 2007. "Income and Quality of Life: Does the Love of Money Make a Difference?," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 72(4), pages 375-393, June.
    7. Belk, Russell W. & Wallendorf, Melanie, 1990. "The sacred meanings of money," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 35-67, March.
    8. Prince, Melvin, 1993. "Self-concept, money beliefs and values," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 161-173, March.
    9. Thomas Tang & Yuh-Jia Chen, 2008. "Intelligence Vs. Wisdom: The Love of Money, Machiavellianism, and Unethical Behavior across College Major and Gender," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 82(1), pages 1-26, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gasiorowska, Agata, 2014. "The relationship between objective and subjective wealth is moderated by financial control and mediated by money anxiety," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 64-74.
    2. Górnik-Durose, Małgorzata E. & Pilch, Irena, 2016. "The dual nature of materialism. How personality shapes materialistic value orientation," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 102-116.

    More about this item


    money attitudes; scale structure; scale validation;

    JEL classification:

    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General
    • D14 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Saving; Personal Finance
    • Z1 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics

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