IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Consumers recall and recognition for brand symbols

Listed author(s):
  • Subhani, Muhammad Imtiaz
  • Hasan, Syed Akif
  • Osman, Ms. Amber

Brand Symbols are important for any brand in helping consumers to remember one’s brand at the point of purchase. In advertising different ways are used to grab attention in consumers’ mind and majorly it’s through brand recall and recognition. This research captivates the Brand Symbol concept and determines whether symbols play an important role in creating a differential impact with other brands. Secondly, it also answers that whether brand symbol is the cause of creating positive association and familiarity with the brand. Brand power has prevailed in Pakistan for years now and brand competition is extremely strong in here. As one talks about brands then one has to create a mark able difference in wanting consumers’ attention to purchase. This research is an intriguing answer to brand managers/marketers about the use of brand symbols in their new or existing brands. Questionnaire (18 International brands questions were asked to recall and recognize) was used gather the data from an un-restricted random sampling of 250 consumers using different brands every now and then in Karachi. Gender, age and education are the prime factors in judging the remembrance (recall) and identification (recognition) of the brand symbols. Recall and Recognitions of brand symbols in selection of a brand was tested by applying multiple linear regressions (OLS model). It was found that gender does not play a significant role in the association of recall of brand symbols but gender has an association with brand symbol recognition. For the recall of brand symbols, age plays an important and positive role whereas; education has a negative relation with the recall of brand symbols. Recognition of brand symbols is quite weak as no association has been found with education and age.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
File Function: original version
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 45141.

in new window

Date of creation: 2012
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:45141
Contact details of provider: Postal:
Ludwigstraße 33, D-80539 Munich, Germany

Phone: +49-(0)89-2180-2459
Fax: +49-(0)89-2180-992459
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

in new window

  1. Muhammad Imtiaz Subhani & Amber Osman, 2011. "A Study on the Association between Brand Awareness and Consumer/Brand Loyalty for the Packaged Milk Industry in Pakistan," South Asian Journal of Management Sciences (SAJMS), Iqra University, Iqra University, vol. 5(1), pages 11-12, Spring.
  2. Karl Moore & Susan Reid, 2008. "The birth of brand: 4000 years of branding," Business History, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(4), pages 419-432.
  3. Moore, Karl & Reid, Susan, 2008. "The Birth of Brand: 4000 Years of Branding History," MPRA Paper 10169, University Library of Munich, Germany.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:45141. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Winter)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.