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The significance of fiscal space in Europe’s response to the crisis


  • Bartha, Zoltán
  • Sáfrányné Gubik, Andrea


The textbook response to deteriorating economic performance is monetary easing, the lowering of official interest rates. When the financial and economic crises hit Europe in 2008, however, monetary policy had very little room in most European countries, as the central bank interest rates were already pretty low. Fiscal policy instruments had to be used therefore, a branch of economic policy that was believed to be dated by many mainstream economists. In contrast to their interest rate conditions, the European countries formed a quite heterogeneous group in regard to their fiscal space: some had more because of balanced budgets and relatively low national debt ratios; others had a lot less. The paper analyses the responses given by 30 European countries to the crisis, and combines the effects with the pre-2008 fiscal characteristics. It identifies some clusters based on their performance and on their major fiscal indicators before and after the crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Bartha, Zoltán & Sáfrányné Gubik, Andrea, 2012. "The significance of fiscal space in Europe’s response to the crisis," MPRA Paper 40346, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:40346

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Alan J. Auerbach & William G. Gale, 2009. "Activist fiscal policy to stabilize economic activity," Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, pages 327-374.
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    Cited by:

    1. Aan Jaelani, 2017. "Fiscal Policy in Indonesia: Analysis of State Budget 2017 in Islamic Economic Perspective," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 7(5), pages 14-24.
    2. repec:mic:tmpjrn:v:13:y:2017:i:02:p:45-57 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Taki Fiti & Biljana Tashevska, 2013. "The European Debt Crisis And Its Implications On The Macedonian Economy," Journal Articles, Center For Economic Analyses, pages 25-42, June.

    More about this item


    fiscal space; European economies;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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