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Causal relationship between saving, investment and economic growth for India – what does the relation imply?

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  • Jangili, Ramesh

Abstract

This study investigates the relationship between saving, investment and economic growth for India over the period 1950-51 to 2007-08. The literature on the role of saving in promoting economic growth generally points to saving led growth. However, few studies show evidence for growth driven saving and some suggest no relationship. In theory, saving may stimulate economic growth, economic growth may also induce saving. This paper adds to the literature by analysing the existence and nature of these causal relationships. The present analysis focuses on India, where saving rate has been the most pronounced. The co-integration analysis suggests that there is a long-run equilibrium relationship. The results of Granger causality test show that higher saving and investment lead to higher economic growth, but the reciprocal causality is not observed. Further, it is empirically evident that saving and investment led growth is coming from the household sector. It may be inferred from the results that India is not too close to the technological frontier and hence not catching up with the new technologies.

Suggested Citation

  • Jangili, Ramesh, 2011. "Causal relationship between saving, investment and economic growth for India – what does the relation imply?," MPRA Paper 40002, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:40002
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/40002/1/MPRA_paper_40002.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Dickey, David A & Fuller, Wayne A, 1981. "Likelihood Ratio Statistics for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 1057-1072, June.
    2. Dipendra Sinha & Tapen Sinha, 2008. "Relationships among household saving, public saving, corporate saving and economic growth in India," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(2), pages 181-186.
    3. Johansen, Soren & Juselius, Katarina, 1990. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Inference on Cointegration--With Applications to the Demand for Money," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 52(2), pages 169-210, May.
    4. Sinha, Dipendra, 1996. "Saving and Economic Growth in India," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 49(4), pages 637-647.
    5. Tullio Jappelli & Marco Pagano, 1994. "Saving, Growth, and Liquidity Constraints," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 109(1), pages 83-109.
    6. Johansen, Soren, 1988. "Statistical analysis of cointegration vectors," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 12(2-3), pages 231-254.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:spr:decisn:v:44:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s40622-017-0157-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:nwe:eajour:y:2018:i:1:p:55-68 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Yilmaz BAYAR, 2014. "Savings, Foreign Direct Investment Inflows and Economic Growth in Emerging Asian Economies," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 4(8), pages 1106-1122, August.
    4. Sachin N. Mehta & Gaurang D. Rami, 2014. "Nexus Between Savings, Investment And Economic Growth In India," Working papers 2014-12-12, Voice of Research.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Saving; Investment; Economic growth; Granger causality;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth

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