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中国对外出口的区域劳动力市场效应
[Local labor market effects of exporting in China]

Author

Listed:
  • Zhang, Chuanchuan

Abstract

One striking phenomena of the macro economy in China during the past decade is the rapid exporting growth. Exporting growth provides strong demand for domestic manufacturing production and is one of the most important engines of economic growth. Using population census data and trade data, this paper examines the local labor market effects of exporting in China. Our empirical analysis suggests that exporting growth significantly promoted employment in manufacturing sector and also indirectly promoted employment in service sector. Exploiting our micro-level data, we further estimated the impact of exporting on employment by various groups and found that exporting has a more significant and larger effect on younger, less-educated, rural and women labor force. Moreover, exporting also promoted wage of workers in manufacturing and service sector, besides promoting employment. Finally, exporting lowered local income inequality since labor force in low-income group such as less-educated workers and rural workers are the main beneficiaries of exporting.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhang, Chuanchuan, 2012. "中国对外出口的区域劳动力市场效应
    [Local labor market effects of exporting in China]
    ," MPRA Paper 38615, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:38615
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/38615/1/MPRA_paper_38615.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exporting; Local Labor Market; Employment; Wage; Income Inequality;

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure

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