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中国对外出口的区域劳动力市场效应
[Local labor market effects of exporting in China]

  • Zhang, Chuanchuan

One striking phenomena of the macro economy in China during the past decade is the rapid exporting growth. Exporting growth provides strong demand for domestic manufacturing production and is one of the most important engines of economic growth. Using population census data and trade data, this paper examines the local labor market effects of exporting in China. Our empirical analysis suggests that exporting growth significantly promoted employment in manufacturing sector and also indirectly promoted employment in service sector. Exploiting our micro-level data, we further estimated the impact of exporting on employment by various groups and found that exporting has a more significant and larger effect on younger, less-educated, rural and women labor force. Moreover, exporting also promoted wage of workers in manufacturing and service sector, besides promoting employment. Finally, exporting lowered local income inequality since labor force in low-income group such as less-educated workers and rural workers are the main beneficiaries of exporting.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/38615/1/MPRA_paper_38615.pdf
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 38615.

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Date of creation: 10 Apr 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:38615
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  1. Avraham Ebenstein & Ann Harrison & Margaret McMillan & Shannon Phillips, 2009. "Estimating the Impact of Trade and Offshoring on American Workers Using the Current Population Surveys," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 0742, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
  2. David H. Autor & David Dorn & Gordon H. Hanson, 2012. "The China Syndrome: Local Labor Market Effects of Import Competition in the United States," NBER Working Papers 18054, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Verhoogen, Eric A, 2007. "Trade, Quality Upgrading and Wage Inequality in the Mexican Manufacturing Sector," CEPR Discussion Papers 6385, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Ann Harrison & John McLaren & Margaret S. McMillan, 2010. "Recent Findings on Trade and Inequality," NBER Working Papers 16425, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Petia Topalova, 2007. "Trade Liberalization, Poverty and Inequality: Evidence from Indian Districts," NBER Chapters, in: Globalization and Poverty, pages 291-336 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Revenga, Ana, 1997. "Employment and Wage Effects of Trade Liberalization: The Case of Mexican Manufacturing," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(3), pages S20-43, July.
  7. John McLaren & Shushanik Hakobyan, 2010. "Looking for Local Labor Market Effects of NAFTA," NBER Working Papers 16535, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Revenga, Ana L, 1992. "Exporting Jobs? The Impact of Import Competition on Employment and Wages in U.S. Manufacturing," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 107(1), pages 255-84, February.
  9. Amiti, Mary & Konings, Jozef, 2005. "Trade Liberalization, Intermediate Inputs and Productivity: Evidence from Indonesia," CEPR Discussion Papers 5104, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  10. John M. Abowd & Richard B. Freeman, 1991. "Immigration, Trade, and the Labor Market," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number abow91-1, August.
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