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Neither here nor there: regionally targeted social policy or socially targeted regional policy? the first four years of Lula’s administration


  • Azzoni, Carlos Roberto
  • Guilhoto, J. J. M.
  • Haddad, E. A
  • Hewings, G. J. D.
  • Laes, M. A.
  • Moreira, G.


The aim of regional policy is the attainment of a more efficient and/or equitable interregional distribution of economic activity (Temple, 1994). As demonstrated elsewhere (Haddad, 1999), Brazil has undergone, in the last twenty years or so, deep structural changes, responsible for the setback in the process of polarization reversal in the economy. After 1988, with the new Constitution, the central government was hampered by a profound loss in its revenues to the state and municipal governments. Nevertheless, the fiscal crisis reached all levels of government, decreasing their financial capability for carrying out new investment ventures. The lack of investment in economic infrastructure increased the average cost of production; producers were facing increasing costs due to the inefficient mechanisms of trade and transportation, which lagged technologically.

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  • Azzoni, Carlos Roberto & Guilhoto, J. J. M. & Haddad, E. A & Hewings, G. J. D. & Laes, M. A. & Moreira, G., 2011. "Neither here nor there: regionally targeted social policy or socially targeted regional policy? the first four years of Lula’s administration," MPRA Paper 37959, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:37959

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Amann, E. & Haddad, E. & Perobelli, F. & Guilhoto, J. J. M., 2007. "Structural Change in the Automotive Industry and its Regional Impacts: The Case of Brazil," MPRA Paper 37962, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    Cited by:

    1. Moreira, Guilherme Renato Caldo & Ichihara, Silvio Massaru & Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins, 2007. "O impacto do aumento das exportações de álcool sobre a distribuição de renda do Brasil
      [The impact of the increased exports of ethanol on the distribution of income of the Brazil]
      ," MPRA Paper 31517, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Lula’s Administration; brazil;

    JEL classification:

    • D57 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Input-Output Tables and Analysis
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods
    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models

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