An econometric decomposition of dairy output growth
Fixed effects production functions and stochastic production frontiers are estimated and used to decompose dairy farm output growth into technological progress, technical efficiency, and increased input use or the size effect. Unbalanced panel data for ninety-six Vermont dairy farmers for the 1971-84 period are utilized. The results show a 2.5% average annual increase in milk output. About 56% of this growth is attributed to the size effect and the remaining 44% to productivity growth. Technological progress contributed about 94% to total productivity growth, while improvements in technical efficiency accounted for only 6%.
|Date of creation:||1995|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published in American Journal of Agricultural Economics 4.77(1995): pp. 915-921|
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Web page: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de
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- Cornwell, Christopher & Schmidt, Peter & Sickles, Robin C., 1989.
"Production Frontiers With Cross-Sectinal And Time-Series Variation In Efficiency Levels,"
89-18, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
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- Paul W. Bauer, 1988. "Decomposing TFP growth in the presence of cost inefficiency, nonconstant returns to scale, and technological progress," Working Paper 8813, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
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