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Libéralisation commerciale et marché du travail : Cas de la Tunisie
[Trade liberalization and labor market: Case of Tunisia]

  • Bouoiyour, jamal

Tunisia is considered one of the best performing countries in terms of economic growth among countries in the Middle East and North Africa. During the past 30 years, this growth was 5% on average. At the same time, the country has opted very early for a very pronounced policy of opening to the outside, and the West in particular. It is attractive to link this performance in terms of growth to such liberalization. This paper shows clearly that this is not the case. Not only the liberalization has not produced the desired effects in terms of employment and wages (the effects are certainly positive, but remain very low and cover only the export-oriented sectors), but it has increased specialization in products intensive in labor and unskilled cheap, and whose technology content is low. Similarly, this policy has accentuated the inequalities between skilled workers and unskilled workers.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/31358/1/MPRA_paper_31358.pdf
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 31358.

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Date of creation: Dec 2010
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:31358
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  1. Markusen, James R., 1981. "Trade and the gains from trade with imperfect competition," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 531-551, November.
  2. Rivera-Batiz, Luis A & Romer, Paul M, 1991. "Economic Integration and Endogenous Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 106(2), pages 531-55, May.
  3. Katz, Lawrence F. & Autor, David H., 1999. "Changes in the wage structure and earnings inequality," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 26, pages 1463-1555 Elsevier.
  4. Mouhoud, El Mouhoub & Bouoiyour, Jamal & Hanchane, Hicham, 2009. "Investissements directs étrangers et productivité : Quelles interactions dans le cas des pays du Moyen Orient et d’Afrique du Nord ?," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/2026, Paris Dauphine University.
  5. Ghazali, Monia, 2009. "Trade openness and wage inequality between skilled and unskilled workers in Tunisia," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/12528, Paris Dauphine University.
  6. Krugman, Paul R., 1979. "Increasing returns, monopolistic competition, and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 469-479, November.
  7. Baccouche, Rafik & Bouoiyour, Jamal & Hatem, M’Henni & Mouley, Sami, 2008. "Dynamique des investissements, mutations sectorielles et convertibilité du compte de capital : impacts des mesures de libéralisation et expériences comparées Tunisie - Maroc
    [Dynamics of investment
    ," MPRA Paper 38148, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. M Arellano & O Bover, 1990. "Another Look at the Instrumental Variable Estimation of Error-Components Models," CEP Discussion Papers dp0007, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  9. Arellano, Manuel & Bond, Stephen, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(2), pages 277-97, April.
  10. David H. Autor & Lawrence F. Katz & Melissa S. Kearney, 2008. "Trends in U.S. Wage Inequality: Revising the Revisionists," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 90(2), pages 300-323, May.
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