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Investissements directs étrangers et productivité. Quelles interactions dans le cas des pays du Moyen Orient et d'Afrique du Nord ?

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  • Jamal Bouoiyour
  • Hicham Hanchane
  • El Mouhoub Mouhoud

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to investigate empirically whether there is any evidence that Foreign Direct investment (fdi) has had a positive impact on productivity in Middle East and North African (meda-9) countries. To this end, a panel data set over the period 1960-2004 was used. Our results suggest that the foreign presence does not increase productivity in a panel of 63 countries. On the other hand, education has a positive and significant effect on productivity in the whole of the sample (although its impact on economic growth is negative). These results remain the same in the case of meda-9 countries. We show finally a strong correlation between the quality of human resources and fdi spillovers. Classification JEL : C5, F21, 047

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  • Jamal Bouoiyour & Hicham Hanchane & El Mouhoub Mouhoud, 2009. "Investissements directs étrangers et productivité. Quelles interactions dans le cas des pays du Moyen Orient et d'Afrique du Nord ?," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 60(1), pages 109-131.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_601_0109
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    Cited by:

    1. Bouoiyour, jamal, 2010. "Libéralisation commerciale et marché du travail : Cas de la Tunisie
      [Trade liberalization and labor market: Case of Tunisia]
      ," MPRA Paper 31358, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Baccouche, Rafik & Bouoiyour, Jamal & Hatem, M’Henni & Mouley, Sami, 2008. "Dynamique des investissements, mutations sectorielles et convertibilité du compte de capital : impacts des mesures de libéralisation et expériences comparées Tunisie - Maroc
      [Dynamics of investment
      ," MPRA Paper 38148, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Bouras, Hela & Sossi Alaoui, Fatima Zorha & Fekih Soussi, Boutaïna & Machrafi, Mustapha, 2014. "Performance des Télécommunications, Qualité institutionnelle et IDE en Afrique du Nord: CAS du MAROC et la TUNISIE
      [Performance of Telecommunication, Institutionnel Quality and FDI in North Africa
      ," MPRA Paper 58797, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Bouoiyour, Jamal & Hanchane, Said, 2008. "Formation professionnelle et croissance économique Quelles interactions dans les cas du Maroc et la Tunisie ?
      [Professional training and economic growth: What interactions in Morocco and Tunisia?]
      ," MPRA Paper 38222, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Kamel Malik Bensafta & Gervasio Semedo, 2014. "Les structures économiques des pays du Maghreb : convergence ou divergence vis-à-vis de l'Europe ?," Working Papers halshs-01012035, HAL.
    6. Kamel Malik BENSAFTA & Gervasio SEMEDO, 2013. "Les structures économiques de pays du Maghreb : convergence ou divergence vis-à-vis de l'Europe ? (annulé et remplacé par le DR LEO 2015-11)," LEO Working Papers / DR LEO 1148, Orleans Economics Laboratory / Laboratoire d'Economie d'Orleans (LEO), University of Orleans.
    7. Sami SAAFI & Fouzi SBOUI, 2011. "LES OPPORTUNITES DES INVESTISSEMENTS DIRECTS ETRANGERS LES OPPORTUNITES DES INVESTISSEMENTS DIRECTS ETRANGERS, DIFFUSION TECHNOLOGIQUE ET DEMANDE DE LA MAIN-D’OEUVRE PAR QUALIFICATION DES INDUSTRIES T," Working Papers 240, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
    8. Kamel Malik BENSAFTA & Gervasio SEMEDO, 2015. "Les structures économiques des pays du Maghreb : convergence ou divergence vis-à-vis de l'Europe ? (annule et remplace le DR LEO 2013-05)," LEO Working Papers / DR LEO 2092, Orleans Economics Laboratory / Laboratoire d'Economie d'Orleans (LEO), University of Orleans.
    9. Caroline DAYMON, 2012. "Ouverture Commerciale, Inégalités De Revenu Et Répartition Salariale Dans Les Pays Du Sud Et De L’Est De La Méditerranée," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 35, pages 81-98.

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    JEL classification:

    • C5 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements

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