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Foreign Aid-Growth Nexus in Pakistan: Role of Macroeconomic Policies

Author

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  • Muhammad, Javid
  • Qayyum, Abdul

Abstract

Despite receiving the large quantities of foreign aid, like many other Developing Countries, Pakistan has remained stagnant and become more aid dependent. This grim reality provokes vigorous debate on the effectiveness of aid. This study examines the effectiveness of aid, focusing on the ongoing debate on the interactive effect of aid and policy on sustainable economic growth. The empirical analysis is based on the ARDL cointegration approach using the data for the period 1960 to 2008. Based on the empirical results we find that foreign aid and real GDP has negative relationship while aid-policy interactive term and real GDP growth has positive and significant relationship. The interesting results emerge; when Aid/GDP alone is introduced into the growth equation it has insignificant positive coefficient in the long run and negative and weakly significant coefficient in the short run while aid policy interactive term has positive and significant coefficient both in the short run and long run. When we disaggregate aid in term bilateral and multilateral component, bilateral aid is significantly positive in the short run and multilateral aid is insignificant while aid interactive term is positive in both cases. The results strongly support the view that foreign aid does have positive impact on economic growth in Pakistan conditional on sound macroeconomic policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Muhammad, Javid & Qayyum, Abdul, 2011. "Foreign Aid-Growth Nexus in Pakistan: Role of Macroeconomic Policies," MPRA Paper 29498, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:29498
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Raghuram G. Rajan & Arvind Subramanian, 2008. "Aid and Growth: What Does the Cross-Country Evidence Really Show?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 90(4), pages 643-665, November.
    2. C-J. Dalgaard & H. Hansen, 2001. "On Aid, Growth and Good Policies," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(6), pages 17-41.
    3. David Dollar & Craig Burnside, 2000. "Aid, Policies, and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(4), pages 847-868, September.
    4. Rati Ram, 2003. "Roles of Bilateral and Multilateral Aid in Economic Growth of Developing Countries," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 56(1), pages 95-110, February.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Faheem Jehangir Khan, 2016. "The Aid Policy Network in Pakistan: An Actor-Network Analysis," PIDE-Working Papers 2016:140, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    2. Ojiambo Elphas & Jacob Oduor & Mburu Tom & Wawire Nelson, 2015. "Working Paper 226 - Aid Unpredictability and Economic Growth in Kenya," Working Paper Series 2169, African Development Bank.
    3. Ali, Wajid & Munir, Kashif, 2016. "Testing Wagner versus Keynesian Hypothesis for Pakistan: The Role of Aggregate and Disaggregate Expenditure," MPRA Paper 74570, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Nasir, Muhammad & Rehman, Faiz Ur & Orakzai, Mejzgaan, 2012. "Exploring the nexus: Foreign aid, war on terror, and conflict in Pakistan," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 1137-1145.
    5. repec:ibn:ibrjnl:v:10:y:2017:i:11:p:129-138 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Kargbo, Philip Michael, 2012. "Impact of Foreign Aid on Economic Growth in Sierra Leone: Empirical Analysis," WIDER Working Paper Series 007, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    7. Michael Mitchell Omoruyi Ehizuelen & Meibo Huang, 2016. "Fostering Economic Development: Is External Finance Responsible for the Poor Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa?," Global Economy Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 16(2), pages 313-347, June.
    8. Mohsin Khan, 2015. "An ascertainment of multi-sectorial programs for trade and aid between Pakistan and South Korea; challenges, opportunities and way forward," Journal of Asian Business Strategy, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 5(11), pages 240-251, November.
    9. repec:unu:wpaper:wp2012-07 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Bwire, Thomas & Lloyd, Tim & Morrissey, Oliver, 2013. "Foreign Aid, Public Sector and Private Consumption: A Cointegrated Vector Autoregressive Approach," WIDER Working Paper Series 094, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    11. Olufemi Saibu, 2014. "Capital Inflow and Economic Growth Nexus in Nigeria: The Role of Trade Openness," Acta Universitatis Danubius. OEconomica, Danubius University of Galati, issue 10(6), pages 99-113, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign Aid; Macroeconomic Policies; Economic Growth; Pakistan; ARDL;

    JEL classification:

    • F35 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Aid

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