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Fiscal stimulus in model with endogenous firm entry

  • Totzek, Alexander
  • Winkler, Roland C.

This paper explores different fiscal stimuli within a business cycle model with an endogenous mass of firms which we estimate for the U.S. economy using Bayesian techniques. We demonstrate that a changing mass of firms is a crucial dimension for evaluating fiscal policy since it can both accelerate and decelerate the impacts of fiscal stimuli. When fiscal interventions cause the mass of firms to decline, an additional crowding-out effect of investment in new firms results in a multiplier below that of the standard RBC model. In the presence of demand stimuli, fiscal multipliers are small and the mass of firms may decline. This holds in particular under distortionary tax financing. By contrast, policies that disburden private agents from income taxes are effective in boosting economic activity and product creation.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 26829.

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Date of creation: 07 Apr 2010
Date of revision: Nov 2010
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:26829
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  1. Frank Smets & Raf Wouters, 2007. "Shocks and Frictions in US Business Cycles : a Bayesian DSGE Approach," Working Paper Research 109, National Bank of Belgium.
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  3. Leeper, Eric M. & Walker, Todd B. & Yang, Shu-Chun S., 2010. "Government investment and fiscal stimulus," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(8), pages 1000-1012, November.
  4. Mathias Trabandt & Harald Uhlig, 2009. "How Far Are We From The Slippery Slope? The Laffer Curve Revisited," NBER Working Papers 15343, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  6. Eric Leeper & Todd B. Walker & Susan Shu-Chun Yang, 2009. "Government Investment And Fiscal Stimulus In The Short And Long Runs," Caepr Working Papers 2009-011, Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research, Economics Department, Indiana University Bloomington.
  7. Cwik, Tobias J. & Wieland, Volker, 2009. "Keynesian government spending multipliers and spillovers in the Euro area," CFS Working Paper Series 2009/25, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
  8. Chugh, Sanjay K. & Ghironi, Fabio, 2015. "Optimal Fiscal Policy with Endogenous Product Variety," CEPR Discussion Papers 10674, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  9. Florin Bilbiie & Fabio Ghironi & Marc Melitz, 2008. "Monetary Policy and Business Cycles with Endogenous Entry and Product Variety," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00622866, HAL.
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  15. V. Lewis, 2008. "Business Cycle Evidence on Firm Entry," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 08/539, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  16. Faia, Ester & Lechthaler, Wolfgang & Merkl, Christian, 2010. "Fiscal Multipliers and the Labour Market in the Open Economy," IZA Discussion Papers 4849, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  17. Paul R. Masson, 2008. "Monetary Policy," Chapters, in: International Handbook of Development Economics, Volumes 1 & 2, chapter 54 Edward Elgar.
  18. Alessia Campolmi & Ester Faia & Roland Winkler, 2010. "Fiscal Calculus in a New Keynesian Model with Matching Frictions," Kiel Working Papers 1602, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  19. Gomes, Pedro Maia, 2010. "Fiscal Policy and the Labour Market: The Effects of Public Sector Employment and Wages," IZA Discussion Papers 5321, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  20. Michele Cavallo, 2005. "Government employment and the dynamic effects of fiscal policy shocks," Working Paper Series 2005-16, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  21. Bergin, Paul R. & Corsetti, Giancarlo, 2008. "The extensive margin and monetary policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(7), pages 1222-1237, October.
  22. Totzek, Alexander, 2009. "Firms' heterogeneity, endogenous entry, and exit decisions," Economics Working Papers 2009,11, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.
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