Modeling Long-Term Memory Effect in Stock Prices: A Comparative Analysis with GPH Test and Daubechies Wavelets
Long-term memory effect in stock prices might be captured, if any, with alternative models. Though Geweke and Porter-Hudak (1983) test model the long memory with the OLS estimator, a new approach based on wavelets analysis provide WOLS estimator for the memory effect. This article examines the long-term memory of the Istanbul Stock Index with the Daubechies-20, Daubechies-12, the Daubechies-4 and the Haar wavelets and compares the results of the WOLS estimators with that of OLS estimator based on the Geweke and Porter-Hudak test. While the results of the GPH test imply that the stock returns are memoryless, fractional integration parameters based on the Daubechies wavelets display that there is an explicit long-memory effect in the stock returns. The research results have both methodological and practical crucial conclusions. On the theoretical side, the wavelet based OLS estimator is superior in modeling the behaviours of the stock returns in emerging markets where nonlinearities and high volatility exist due to their chaotic natures. For practical aims, on the other hand, the results show that the Istanbul Stock Exchange is not in the weak-form efficient because the prices have memories that are not reflected in the prices, yet.
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