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Structural Change and the Efficiency of Banking In Turkey: Does Ownership Matter?


  • Aysan, Ahmet Faruk
  • Ceyhan, Sanli Pinar


In a period of increasing foreign bank entry, the popular question of “what does foreign bank entry bring to the Turkish banking sector?” can partly be answered with respect to the productivity effects. This paper aims to find the productivity change in the banking sector between 1990 and 2007 just before the global crisis. We are especially interested in the period beginning with 2001 after which the Turkish banking system has almost been flooded with foreign banks. Using a sample of 20 commercial banks, we attempt to find the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) type Malmquist Total Factor Productivity Change Index over the specified period. We also look at the source of this change decomposing this index into its mutually exclusive and exhaustive components of efficiency change and technological change. Additionally, we further decompose the technical efficiency change into pure technical efficiency change and scale efficiency change. The DEA results guide us in comparing the performances of banks of different ownership status (state, private and foreign banks) and of different size

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  • Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Ceyhan, Sanli Pinar, 2008. "Structural Change and the Efficiency of Banking In Turkey: Does Ownership Matter?," MPRA Paper 17849, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:17849

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ilko Naaborg & Bert Scholtens & Jakob de Haan & Hanneke Bol & Ralph de Haas, 2004. "How Important are Foreign Banks in the Financial Development of European Transition Countries?," Journal of Emerging Market Finance, Institute for Financial Management and Research, vol. 3(2), pages 99-123, August.
    2. Isik, Ihsan & Kabir Hassan, M., 2003. "Financial deregulation and total factor productivity change: An empirical study of Turkish commercial banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(8), pages 1455-1485, August.
    3. Canan Yildirim, 2002. "Evolution of banking efficiency within an unstable macroeconomic environment: the case of Turkish commercial banks," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(18), pages 2289-2301.
    4. Adrian E. Tschoegl, 2004. "Financial Crises and the Presence of Foreign Banks," International Finance 0405016, EconWPA.
    5. Oulton,Nicholas & O'Mahony,Mary, 1994. "Productivity and Growth," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521453455, May.
    6. Isik, Ihsan & Hassan, M. Kabir, 2002. "Technical, scale and allocative efficiencies of Turkish banking industry," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 719-766, April.
    7. Osman Zaim, 1995. "The Effect of Financial Liberalizationon the Efficiency of Turkish Commercial Banks," Working Papers 9505, Department of Economics, Bilkent University.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ahmet Faruk Aysan & Mustafa Haluk Güler & Cüneyt Orman, 2013. "Sustaining growth in emerging markets: the role of structural and monetary policies," Chapters,in: A New Model for Balanced Growth and Convergence, chapter 9, pages 122-144 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    2. Akin, Guzin Gulsun & Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Yildiran, Levent, 2008. "Transformation of the Turkish Financial Sector in the Aftermath of the 2001 Crisis," MPRA Paper 17803, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Ertek, Gurdal & Ozturk, Secil, 2009. "Assessing the adverse effects of interbank funds on bank efficiency through using semiparametric and nonparametric methods," MPRA Paper 38113, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Ahmet AYSAN & Cagri HUSNU DALGIC & Murat DEMIRCI, "undated". "Macroeconomic, Sector Specific and Bank Specific Determinants of Net Interest Rate Margin: What Matters More For An Emerging Market Economy?," EcoMod2010 259600015, EcoMod.

    More about this item


    Turkish Banking Industry; Foreign Bank Entry; Globalization of Banking; Data Envelopment Analysis; Efficiency;

    JEL classification:

    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets
    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services


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