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Monetary and Fiscal Policy Coordination


  • Hanif, Muhammad N.
  • Arby, Muhammad Farooq


Macroeconomic policies are meant to achieve non-inflationary, stable growth. There are two major groups of policy instruments to achieve the purpose; one is related to monetary conditions and the other to fiscal conditions. Monetary instruments are employed by the central bank and fiscal instruments are employed by ministry of finance. The objectives and implications of policy measures taken by the two institutions often conflict with each other and thus call for policy coordination for effective implementation of policy decisions to achieve the set targets. The policy coordination has to be supported by concrete institutional and operating arrangements like monetary and fiscal coordination board. In Pakistan there was no concept of such policy coordination before financial sector reforms which were initiated in 1989-90. This financial reforms and restructuring process necessitated the monetary and financial policy coordination and a monetary and fiscal policy coordination board has been established in Pakistan

Suggested Citation

  • Hanif, Muhammad N. & Arby, Muhammad Farooq, 2003. "Monetary and Fiscal Policy Coordination," MPRA Paper 10307, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:10307

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Tabellini, Guido, 1986. "Money, debt and deficits in a dynamic game," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 427-442, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Muhammad Farooq Arby & Muhammad Nadeem Hanif, 2010. "Monetary and Fiscal Policies Coordination: Pakistan’s Experience," SBP Research Bulletin, State Bank of Pakistan, Research Department, vol. 6, pages 3-13.
    2. Shahid, Muhammad & Qayyum, Abdul & Shahid, Waseem, 2016. "Fiscal and Monetary Policy Interactions in Pakistan Using a Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium Framework," MPRA Paper 72595, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Ebghaei, Felor, 2014. "Para ve Maliye Politikasının Karşılaştırmalı Analizi: Türkiye için Ekonometrik bir Analiz
      [Comparative Analysis of Monetary and Fiscal Policy: An Econometric Case Study of Turkey]
      ," MPRA Paper 77892, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Mar 2017.
    4. Nijathaworn, Bandid & Chaikhor, Suwatchai & Chotika-arpa, Suppakorn & Sakkankosone, Suchart, 2015. "Monetary Policy and Foreign Exchange Management: Reforming Central Bank Functions in Myanmar," ADB Economics Working Paper Series 431, Asian Development Bank.
    5. Damir Šehović, 2013. "General Aspects of Monetary and Fiscal Policy Coordination," Journal of Central Banking Theory and Practice, Central bank of Montenegro, vol. 2(3), pages 5-27.
    6. Syed Toqueer Akhter & Fahad Manzoor, 2015. "Openness of Economy, Foreign Investment Inflows and the Phenomenon of Rent Seeking Corruption," Eurasian Journal of Economics and Finance, Eurasian Publications, vol. 3(3), pages 45-64.
    7. repec:pje:journl:article11v is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Muhammad Ali Nasir & Alaa M. Soliman, 2014. "Aspects of Macroeconomic Policy Combinations and Their Effects on Financial Markets," Economic Issues Journal Articles, Economic Issues, vol. 19(1), pages 95-118, March.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy


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