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Financial Development and Textile Sector Competitiveness: A Case Study of Pakistan


  • Hanif, Muhammad N.
  • Jafri, Sabina K.


Kletzer and Bardhan (1987) argue that countries with a relatively well-developed financial sector have a comparative advantage in industries that rely on external finance. Beck (2002), and Fanelli and Medhora (2002) find that well-developed financial sector translates into a comparative advantage in the production of manufactured goods. There has been no attempt so far to explore the relationship between the financial development and international trade competitiveness in the case of Pakistan. We construct Balassa’s Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) index for textile sector of Pakistan. Using ratio of credit extended to the textile sector to the total non-government credit of the banking system (TCS) as proxy for external finance we estimate long run relationship, and ECM, between RCA index and TCS while controlling for other determinants of the international trade competitiveness of textile sector of Pakistan. In line with the findings of Beck (2002), and Fanelli and Medhora (2002), our results suggest that recourse to external finance has a strong positive impact on the country’s textile sector competitiveness both in the short and the long run even when we control for traditional determinants of competitiveness.

Suggested Citation

  • Hanif, Muhammad N. & Jafri, Sabina K., 2006. "Financial Development and Textile Sector Competitiveness: A Case Study of Pakistan," MPRA Paper 10271, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:10271

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Robert G. King & Ross Levine, 1993. "Finance and Growth: Schumpeter Might Be Right," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 717-737.
    2. Ross Levine, 1997. "Financial Development and Economic Growth: Views and Agenda," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(2), pages 688-726, June.
    3. Rajan, Raghuram G & Zingales, Luigi, 1998. "Financial Dependence and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(3), pages 559-586, June.
    4. David H. Romer & Jeffrey A. Frankel, 1999. "Does Trade Cause Growth?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 379-399, June.
    5. Beck, Thorsten, 2002. "Financial development and international trade: Is there a link?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(1), pages 107-131, June.
    6. Engle, Robert & Granger, Clive, 2015. "Co-integration and error correction: Representation, estimation, and testing," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 39(3), pages 106-135.
    7. Kletzer, Kenneth & Bardhan, Pranab, 1987. "Credit markets and patterns of international trade," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1-2), pages 57-70, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Naheed Memon & Faiza Rehman & Fazal Rabbi, 2014. "Should Pakistan Liberalize Trade With India Against the Backdrop of the FTA with China? A Comparative Advantage Analysis for the Manufacturing Sector," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 19(Special E), pages 327-348, September.
    2. Sadaf Shahab & Muhammad Tariq Mahmood, 2013. "Comparative Advantage of Leather Industry in Pakistan with Selected Asian Economies," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 3(1), pages 133-139.
    3. Hanif, M.N. & Husain, F. & Jafri, S., 2008. "Financial Sector Reforms and International Trade Competitiveness: A Case Study of Pakistan," MPRA Paper 36730, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 31 Jan 2012.
    4. Khurram Shahzad, 2015. "An RCA Analysis of Textiles and Clothing in Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 20(1), pages 157-168, Jan-June.

    More about this item


    Financial Development; Competitiveness;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy


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